Outbreak (film)

Outbreak is a 1995 American medical disaster film directed by Wolfgang Petersen and loosely based on Richard Preston’s nonfiction book, The Hot Zone. It stars Dustin Hoffman, Rene Russo and Morgan Freeman, and co-stars Cuba Gooding Jr., Kevin Spacey, Donald Sutherland and Patrick Dempsey.

The film focuses on an outbreak of a fictional Ebola-like virus, Motaba, in Zaire and later in a small town in the United States. It is primarily set in the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the fictional town of Cedar Creek, California. Outbreak‘s plot speculates how far military and civilian agencies might go to contain the spread of a deadly, contagious disease.

The film, released on March 10, 1995, was a box-office success and Spacey won two awards for his performance. A real-life outbreak of the Ebola virus was occurring in Zaire when the film was released.

A virus called Motaba causing a deadly fever is discovered in the African jungle in 1967. To keep the virus a secret, U.S. Army officers Donald McClintock and William Ford destroy the army camp where soldiers were infected.

In 1995, the virus resurfaces in Zaire. Colonel Sam Daniels, a USAMRIID virologist, is sent to investigate. He and his crew—Lieutenant Colonel Casey Schuler and new recruit Major Salt—gather information and return to the United States. Daniels asks his superior, (now) Brigadier General William Ford, to issue an alert but Ford tells Daniels the virus is unlikely to spread.

Betsy, a white-headed capuchin monkey (a host species for the virus), is smuggled into the United States. When James “Jimbo” Scott—an employee of the Biotest animal-holding facility—steals Betsy and brings her to Cedar Creek water bottle holder running, California, to sell on the black market, he is infected. Jimbo fails to sell Betsy to Rudy Alvarez, a pet-store owner who wanted a male for a customer. Rudy is also infected, and “Jimbo” releases the female monkey in the woods. He develops symptoms on a flight to Boston and infects his girlfriend, Alice. They are hospitalized, and Dr. Roberta Keough—a CDC scientist and Daniels’ ex-wife—investigates their illness. Jimbo, Alice, and Rudy die, but Keough determines that no one else in Boston was infected.

Technicians at a Cedar Creek hospital, including Henry, run tests on Rudy’s blood; Henry is infected when he accidentally breaks a vial of Rudy’s blood. It is later found that the virus mutated into a strain capable of spreading like influenza, and a number of people are exposed in a movie theater. Daniels learns about the infection and flies to Cedar Creek against Ford’s orders, joining Keough’s team with Schuler and Salt. As they begin a search for the host animal, the U.S. Army quarantines the town and imposes martial law. Schuler is infected when his suit tears, and Keough accidentally sticks herself with a contaminated needle. Ford provides an experimental serum to treat the sick (which fails because of the mutation), and Daniels realizes that he was aware of the virus before the outbreak. He confronts Ford, who admits that he withheld information to cover the fact that the original Motaba strain was purposefully engineered by the military as a bioweapon; the 1967 outbreak in Africa had in fact been a test-run of the virus, which subsequently infected the local monkey population despite Ford’s and McClintock’s attempt to halt its spread and cover their actions.

Daniels learns about Operation Clean Sweep, a plan for the military to bomb Cedar Creek which has been approved by the President; now-Major General Donald McClintock plans to use the operation to conceal the virus’s existence. To prevent Daniels from finding a cure, McClintock has him arrested for carrying the virus. Daniels escapes, and he and Salt fly a helicopter to the ship which carried Betsy. Daniels obtains a picture of Betsy and releases it to the media; Mrs. Jeffries realizes that her daughter Kate has been playing with Betsy in their yard and calls the CDC. Daniels and Salt arrive at the Jeffries’ house, and Salt tranquilizes Betsy after Kate coaxes her out of hiding. When he learns from Daniels about Betsy’s capture, Ford delays the bombing.

On their return flight, Daniels and Salt are chased by McClintock in another helicopter, and Salt fires two rockets into the trees to trick McClintock into thinking that they crashed. In Cedar Creek, Salt mixes Betsy’s antibodies with Ford’s serum to create an antiserum; although Schuler has died, they save Keough. McClintock returns to base and resumes Operation Clean Sweep, refusing to listen to Ford (who wants to cancel it).

Daniels and Salt fly a helicopter in the path of the bomber, which is commanded by a pilot codenamed Sandman One. With Ford’s help, Daniels persuades Sandman One and his co-pilot to detonate the bomb over water and spare the town. Before McClintock can order another bombing, Ford relieves him of his command and arrests him for withholding information from the president. Daniels and Keough reconcile, and Cedar Creek’s residents are cured.

Scenes in “Cedar Creek” were filmed in Ferndale, California, where tanks and helicopters were a common feature of daily life during nearly two months of filming. Other locations used were Dugway Proving Ground and Kauai.

Outbreak topped the U.S. box-office list its opening weekend with earnings of $13,420,387, and spent three weeks at number one before Tommy Boy’s release. The film, which grossed $67,659,560 domestically and $122,200,000 internationally, was a commercial success.

Outbreak received mixed reviews school football jerseys. According to review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 59% of 44 critics gave the film a positive review for a rating average of 5.6 out of 10.

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave it three-and-a-half out of four stars, calling Outbreak‘s premise “one of the great scare stories of our time, the notion that deep in the uncharted rain forests, deadly diseases are lurking, and if they ever escape their jungle homes and enter the human bloodstream, there will be a new plague the likes of which we have never seen.” Rita Kempley of The Washington Post also enjoyed the film’s plot: “Outbreak is an absolute hoot thanks primarily to director Wolfgang Petersen’s rabid pacing and the great care he brings to setting up the story and its probability.”

David Denby wrote for New York magazine that although the opening scenes were well-done, “somewhere in the middle … Outbreak falls off a cliff” and becomes “lamely conventional”. Janet Maslin of The New York Times also found the film’s subject compelling but its treatment ineffective: “The film’s shallowness also contributes to the impression that no problem is too thorny to be solved by movie heroics.”

Yolande de Polastron

Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, condesa y duquesa de Polignac (París; 8 de septiembre de 1749 – Viena; 9 de diciembre de 1793), aristócrata francesa.

Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, duquesa de Polignac, era una aristócrata francesa, conocida por su amistad con María Antonieta. Simpatizaron cuando fueron presentadas en Versalles en 1775. Sus críticos históricos han discutido que la duquesa de Polignac fuera una aristócrata activa en la corte de Versalles antes de la Revolución francesa y que perteneciera a la exclusividad, el olvido y el egoísmo extravagante de la clase predominante. Sin embargo, historiadores más comprensivos, como Pierre de Nolhac y el marqués de Ségur, creen que la mayoría de los problemas se originaron en su entorno. Aparte de los gravámenes de su carácter, se dice que fue una de las figuras dominantes en el movimiento ultramonárquico de los comienzos del verano de 1789, actuando bajo influencia de su amigo, el conde de Artois.

Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, también conocida como Madame de Polignac, nació en París durante el reinado de Luis XV. Fue hija de Jean François Gabriel, conde de Polastron y Jeanne Charlotte Hérault. Poco tiempo después se trasladó a la provincia de Languedoc, al sur de Francia. La familia de Polignac era de un antiguo linaje muy respetado, pero desacreditado por muchas deudas que alejaban a la familia de una vida lujosa. Su abuelo materno era René Hérault, que había servido como teniente general de la policía de París (es decir, jefe de la policía de París) entre 1725 y 1739. Perdió a su madre, Jeanne, a la edad de tres años. Gabrielle fue puesta al cuidado de su tía, Madame d’Andlau, quien decidió que Gabrielle recibiría educación en un convento. En 1767, a los 18 años, se casó con el conde Jules de Polignac brown football uniforms, capitán del ejército francés. Tuvieron cuatro hijos. Sin embargo, las deudas de la familia de Mme. Polignac privaban al joven matrimonio de lujos.

Cuando Diane de Polignac, su cuñada, la llamó para que fuera al palacio de Versalles, ella fue con su marido y fue presentada en una reunión formal en 1775. La reina María Antonieta enseguida siente por ella una viva amistad. La ambición, junto con el comportamiento vivo y alegre de la condesa pronto logra sustituir a la princesa de Lamballe, la mejor amiga de la joven reina hasta entonces, debido a que su comportamiento centrado era considerado como “aburrido” por la reina, quien se volvía más frívola con el paso del tiempo. Además de conseguir que su amante entrara al círculo de favoritos de la reina, Mme. de Polignac también ganó la amistad del hermano más joven del rey, el conde de Artois y la aprobación del rey Luis XVI, que le agradecía su influencia, que calmaba a su esposa, animando su amistad. La condesa veía en la inmensa generosidad de la reina una manera para sacar a su familia de las deudas y lograr una vida llena de lujos. Ella, sin embargo, era odiada por otros miembros del entorno real, particularmente el confesor y su consejero político, el embajador austríaco de la reina, el conde Mercy-Argenteau.

Obtiene para su familia y para sí misma toda clase de favores. En 1779, consigue que Luis XVI dote a su hija con 80.000 libras, suma sorprendente e insólita, puesto que las dotes que concede el rey no sobrepasan las 8.000 libras. El Tesoro real se hace cargo también de las deudas del matrimonio Polignac (400.000 libras) the best shaver. El resto de la familia Polignac se aprovecha igualmente de esta oportunidad: el abad de Polignac recibe la sede de Meaux, Diana de Polignac, a pesar de su pésima reputación, pasa a ser la superintendente del palacio de Madame Isabel, hermana del rey. A Vaudreuil se le asignan 30.000 libras de renta anual, y el cargo honorífico y lucrativo de Gran Halconero de Francia. Para poder visitar a su amiga, que está embarazada, María Antonieta hace que su corte se desplace a La Muette.

Carismática y hermosa, Gabrielle llegó a ser indiscutible líder del círculo exclusivo de la reina, asegurándose de que pocos se hicieran amigos de la reina sin su aprobación. La familia entera de Polignac se benefició enormemente de la generosidad considerable de la reina, pero su riqueza en aumento ultrajó a muchas familias aristocráticas, que se resentían en la corte. En última instancia, el favoritismo de la reina hacia Gabrielle y su familia era una de las muchas causas que influyeron para que bajara la popularidad de María Antonieta. Hacia finales de 1780, los millares de folletos hostiles, pornográficos, decían que Gabrielle era la amante de la reina, y aunque estas acusaciones no eran verdad hicieron un daño inconmensurable al prestigio de la monarquía.

La cantidad de favores que reciben los Polignac intensifica la impopularidad creciente de la reina, sobre todo en un período en el que se habla de economizar. Los Polignac no dejan de intrigar con los favoritos, como el barón de Besenval, entrometiéndose en la política. Se les llama “el partido de la reina”, lo que perjudica seriamente su reputación.

Gabrielle fue designada cuidadora de los niños reales, incluyendo a Luis XVII y a la princesa María Teresa. Promovieron a su marido, lo que hizo que subieran dos peldaños en la escala aristocrática, convirtiéndose su marido en duque y Gabrielle en duquesa, otra de las causas del enojo en la corte de Versalles. Más adelante, la hermosa cuñada de Gabrielle, Louise, se hizo la amante del hermano más joven de Luis XVI, el conde de Artois (rey más tarde como Carlos X).

El casamiento de Gabrielle era cordial, si no acertado; una típica boda aristocrática. Por muchos años, Gabrielle fue amante del capitán Protector de la realeza, el comandante de Vaudreuil. Hubo rumores en Versalles de que ella engendró un hijo de Vaudreuil

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, el segundo.

La influencia excesiva de Gabrielle sobre María Antonieta comenzó a disminuir después de 1785, cuando nació el segundo hijo de la reina. La reina se molestaba cada vez más con el círculo Polignac. Ella confió en otra mujer, Henriette Campan, una de las que estaban en descontento con los Polignac. Eventualmente, Gabrielle sintió descontento por María Antonieta y decidió visitar a amigos en Inglaterra, particularmente a la duquesa de Devonshire, que era la líder de la alta sociedad de Londres y una de los confidentes más cercanas de Gabrielle.

A unos meses de que estallara la revolución francesa en julio de 1789, consideraron que se acercarían la reina y la familia Polignac una vez más. Gabrielle y sus amigos apoyaron el movimiento ultramonárquico en Versalles. Junto con el diplomático barón de Breteuil y el conde de Artois persuadieron a María Antonieta para ayudar al Ministro de Hacienda del rey, Jacques Necker. Sin embargo, sin la ayuda necesaria de los militares para controlar la situación, se despidió a Necker, culminando en el ataque contra la Bastilla.

Cuando estalla la Revolución francesa, Mme. de Polignac huye con su familia. Después de la toma de la Bastilla el 14 de julio de 1789, y con Luis XVI y María Antonieta detenidos, varios miembros de la familia Polignac decidieron emigrar. El conde de Artois se fue por orden de Luis XVI, al igual que Breteuil. Gabrielle y su familia se escaparon a Suiza, en donde mantuvieron contacto con el rey y la reina a través de cartas. Después de que ella se hubiera marchado, el cuidado de los niños reales fue confiado a la marquesa de Tourzel.

Gabrielle desarrolló cáncer mientras vivía en Suiza, aunque había estado mal de salud por varios años what is meat tenderizer seasoning. Murió en diciembre de 1793 en Viena, poco después de oír hablar de la ejecución de María Antonieta.

Gabrielle fue la madre de Jules, príncipe de Polignac, futuro primer ministro de Francia durante el ultramonárquico reinado de Carlos X, y de Aglaé de Polignac, duquesa de Guiche, llamada en la familia “Guichette”, que murió en 1803 en un incendio.

Gabrielle de Polastron ha dejado su huella en la historia y puede ser vista en libros de historia, novelas, películas y otras clases de medios.

En la serie y manga de La Rosa de Versalles, hace varias apariciones mientras se hace amiga de María Antonieta para aprovecharse de ella. También le dan dos hijas adicionales, Charlotte y Rosalie (la segunda que es ilegítima), que ella intentó utilizar para sus propios propósitos.

Su tataranieto el conde Pedro de Polignac se casó con la princesa Carlota de Mónaco.

Mat Sadler

Mathew John “Mat” Sadler (born 26 February 1985) is an English professional footballer who plays for Shrewsbury Town. He is a left footed defender capable of playing either at full-back or as a centre-back.

Sadler has played in the Premier League and the Football League for Birmingham City, and in the Football League for Northampton Town, Watford, Stockport County, Shrewsbury Town, Walsall and Crawley Town.

Born in Solihull, Sadler began his career as a junior with Birmingham City. He made his first team debut on 2 October 2002 in a League Cup second round tie away at Leyton Orient, starting in the 3–2 win at Brisbane Road. A month later, he made his Premier League debut in a 3–1 home win over Bolton Wanderers, again as a starter.

On 21 November 2003, having not played for Birmingham that season, Sadler went on a two-month loan to Northampton Town, playing eight games, seven of which in the Third Division. In May 2004, signed a new contract to keep him at Birmingham. However, Sadler suffered ankle and football problems.

On 7 February 2006, having not played for Birmingham since 28 December 2002 nor any team since 10 January 2004, Sadler made his return in a 2–1 home win over Reading in an FA Cup fourth round replay, coming on for Mathew Birley after 59 minutes. This was his only appearance until 1 April when he was in the first team to play Chelsea at home, a goalless draw. He stayed in the starting line-up for the remaining games, as the season ended with relegation. At the end of the 2005–06 season, Sadler was awarded the Radio WM Breakthrough Award at the club’s annual dinner. Not only that, Sadler signed a two–year contract with the club.

In the 2006–07 season, Sadler began to be first team regular in the left–back position. However, Sadler suffered a groin injury in training, resulting him missing out for four matches. Sadler then made his return to the first team on 30 September 2006, playing 90 minutes, in a 1–1 draw against Leicester City. Sadler played a role in a match against Coventry City on 31 October 2006 when he provided assist for Nicklas Bendtner to score the only goal of the game with a win. After this, Sadler continued to be a first team regular in the left–back position for the reminder of the season until he was dropped from the first team ahead of the match in favour of Stephen Kelly against Barnsley on 9 April 2007. Manager Steve Bruce explained his decision to leave out Sadler of the squad. As a result, Sadler never played again for the remainder of 2006–07 season, as Birmingham City were promoted back to the Premier League. Despite this, Sadler made thirty–six appearance. Nevertheless, Sadler then signed a three–year contract with the club, keeping him until 2010.

In the 2007–08 season saw Sadler suffered a knock and Achilles problem to the start of the season. After missing out the first two matches, Sadler made his first appearance of 2007–08 when he came on as a substitute for Fabrice Muamba in the 80th minutes, in a 1–0 loss against West Ham United on 18 August 2007. Sadler then provided assist for Garry O’Connor in the 27th minutes, in the first round of League Cup, in a 2–1 win over Hereford United on 28 August 2007. However, Sadler struggled for the first team place after losing his left–back position to Franck Queudrue and Liam Ridgewell. As a result, Sadler was sent to play in the reserve. But in December, Sadler returned to the first team in the left–back position in his first league appearance since December, in a 2–1 loss against Newcastle United on 8 December 2007. However, on his next appearance against Reading, Sadler came under criticism when his back-pass short led to goalkeeper Maik Taylor brought down Stephen Hunt in the penalty box, leading Hunt to take the penalty himself and converted the penalty successfully. After the match, Taylor defended Sadler, stating he could one day bounce back.

After appearing one more appearance, Sadler was left out of the squad once again and attracted interests from clubs around England. Upon joining Watford, Sadler said it was an honour to play for Birmingham City, the team he grew up supporting, and regretted not enough playing games for the club.

Sadler joined Watford on 24 January 2008 for an initial fee of £750,000, rising to £900,000 depending on appearances. He signed a three-and-a-half-year contract.

Sadler made his Watford debut on 29 January 2008, making his first start for the club, in a 1–1 draw against Sheffield United. Despite the injury, Sadler was the regular in the first team for the remainder of 2007–08 season, making fifteen appearance.

In the 2008–09 season, Sadler started well, appearing for the first three matches to the start of the season until he suffered a lateral knee ligament injury. After missing out five matches, Sadler regained his first team place and then provided assist for Tamás Priskin to score the first goal of the game, in a 3–0 win over Southampton on 18 October 2008. Sadler, once again, sidelined when he suffered an injury that kept him out throughout November. Following his return, Sadler played against his former club, Birmingham City, on 6 December 2008, which saw Watford lost 3–2. Ahead of the match, Sadler stated he hope the club regain back to the Premier League. Sadler eventually fell from grace at Vicarage Road and made his final appearance for Watford on 26 December 2008 in a 2–4 home defeat to Bristol City. During the match, Sadler came under criticism when he conceded two goals before being substituted at half–time. As a result, Sadler was sent to play for the reserve for the remainder of the season and made fifteen appearance.

In 2009–10 season, Sadler remained on the sidelined. In October 2009, Sadler went on trial at Huddersfield Town Sadler played for the club’s reserve on 14 October 2009 against Grimsby Town’s reserve, where he provided assist on one of the goal, with a 3–1 win. However, Huddersfield Town decided against signing Sadler. After this, Sadler appeared seven times as an unused substitute. Sadler then joined Stockport County on loan in January 2010 and remained at Edgeley Park until the end of the League One season. His debut for the club took place on 30 January against Southampton. Sadler became a first team regular for the club, where he made twenty appearances. However, despite Sadler’s best effort, the club were later relegated to League Two.

Sadler joined League Two club Shrewsbury Town on 7 July 2010 on loan for six months. According to manager Graham Turner, the player seemed reluctant initially to play in the fourth tier of English football but was won over by the club’s ambition. Sadler made his Shrewsbury Town debut in the opening game of the season meat tenderising marinade, in a 3 – 1 win over Bradford City. In the next game, Sadler played a role for the club when he provided assist for Matt Harrold to score the only goal in the game in a 1–0 win over Macclesfield Town. Since then, Sadler made an impressive display at Shrewsbury Town, having established himself in the first team and expressed interests of extending his loan spell at the club for the remainder of the season. On 6 January 2011 saw Sadler’s loan spell at Shrewsbury Town extended until the end of the season. During the match against Port Vale on 8 March 2011, Sadler controversially fouled Tom Pope in a penalty box, leading to a penalty kick converted successfully, which resulted a 2–2 draw. Despite this, Sadler went on to be an ever-present player in the League Two season to play every minute of every game for his club. Sadler played in two matches in the play–offs against Torquay United, but lost 2–0 in the first leg and drew 0–0 in the second leg how to design football uniforms.

At the end of the 2010–11 season, it was announced that Sadler was one of the three players released by the club.

Despite Shrewsbury Town keen on signing him permanently, Sadler joined Walsall on 27 June 2011 on a one–year contract. Upon joining Walsall, Sadler said the move was a step to make a new start after lack of first team opportunity at Watford.

Sadler made his Walsall debut, in the opening game of the season, in a 1–0 win over Leyton Orient. In the next game against Hartlepool United seven days later, Sadler provided an assist when he was fouled in the penalty box, leading to penalty and was successfully converted by Jon Macken in a 1–1 draw. His impressive display in the first team lead to being praised by Manager Dean Smith, who gave him a nickname as ‘Mr Reliable’. Then on 5 November 2011, Sadler provided assist for Jamie Paterson, in a 1–1 draw against Huddersfield Town to end three games without a point. However, in a 1–1 draw against Charlton Athletic on 10 December 2011, Sadler was sent–off after a second bookable offence in a last minutes and missed a match in the FA Cup second round replay against Dagenham & Redbridge, which saw Walsall lost in a penalty–shootout. Despite the suspension, Sadler remained in the first team and then scored his first goal for Walsall on 27 March 2012, in a 3–1 win over Colchester United in what BBC Sport described as “breaking one of football’s longer droughts in his 193rd league game (also 222nd in all appearance”. Then in the match against Huddersfield Town on 28 April 2012, Sadler provided assist for Florent Cuvelier, in a 1–1 draw, to ensure that the club will be playing in League One next season. During the season, the club’s struggling form in League One led Sadler commenting on the affect. Despite this, Sadler, once again, on to be an ever-present player in the League One season to play every minute of every game for his club and finished runner–up for the club’s Player of the Year behind Andy Butler.

Despite impression display at the 2011–12 season, Sadler, was offered a new contract with the club and was encouraged to stay at the club by his teammate, Andy Butler.

On 8 June 2012, Sadler joined newly promoted League One side Crawley Town on a free transfer after turning down a new two–year contract with the club. Upon joining the club, Sadler cited Manager Sean O’Driscoll’s winning mentality as the reason he joined Crawley Town.

Sadler made his debut on 14 August, starting in a League Cup match as a left –back against Championship side Millwall which ended 2–2, with Crawley winning 4–1 on penalties. Four days later, on 18 August 2012, Sadler made his league debut for Crawley Town, in the opening game of the season, in a 3–0 win over Scunthorpe United. Sadler then scored his first goal for the club on 5 March 2013, in a 1–1 draw against Carlisle United. In his first season at Crawley Town, Sadler went on to be an ever-present player in the League One season to play every minute of every game for his club, as he helped the club finished tenth place.

In the 2013–14 season, Sadler continued to regain his place in the first team, under the new management of Richie Barker. Sadler then score his first Crawley Town goal of the season on 17 August 2013, in a 2–1 loss against Rotherham United. Then on 21 September 2013, Sadler then provided assist for Emile Sinclair, in a 1–1 draw against Colchester United. Sadler made his 200th consecutive league appearance on 12 April 2014 against MK Dons. Like his first season at Crawley, Sadler was, once again, to be an ever-present player in the League One season to play every minute of every game for his club, as he helped the club finished fourteenth place.

At the end of the 2013–14 season, with his contract was about to ran out, Sadler was among four players to be offered a new contract. However, due to weeks of delays, the club decided to withdraw the contract offer on Sadler and was released by the club in June. After leaving the club, Sadler was linked with a move to clubs around England and Scotland.

Sadler joined newly promoted Championship side Rotherham United on a free transfer from Crawley Town on 17 June 2014. Upon joining the club, Sadler said he cannot to play in the Championship with the Rotherham United side.

After appearing five times in the pre–season friendly matches, it wasn’t until on 26 August 2014 for Sadler made his Rotherham United debut in the second round of the League Cup straw for water bottle, which saw them lost 1–0 against Swansea City. However, this turns out to be his only appearance in the League Cup, before returning to Crawley in September on loan. He was linked with a loan move to Notts County and Crewe Alexandra. Sadler then had a run in the first team, which lead to extending his loan spell for another month. After extending his loan spell, Sadler continued to remain in the first team before returning to his parent club on 13 November 2015.

When his loan expired, he returned to Rotherham, and made no further first-team appearances until joining Oldham Athletic on a month’s loan in March 2015. Upon joining the club, Sadler was brought by Oldham Athletic as a replacement for Joseph Mills, who suffered a calf–injury. Sadler made his Oldham Athletic debut on 14 March 2015, in a 3–1 loss against Barnsley. Sadler then provided assist for Conor Wilkinson on 21 March 2015, to score the only goal in the game in a 1–0 win over Crewe Alexandra, to end the club’s three match losing streak. After making eight appearance for the club, Sadler returned to his parent club on 13 April 2015.

At the end of the 2014–15 season, Sadler was released by the club.

Following his release from Rotherham, Sadler signed for former loan club Shrewsbury Town in League One, on a two-year contract in May 2015.

Sadler’s first game after signing for the club on a permanent basis came in the opening game of the season, in a 2–1 loss against Millwall. A regular in the side in the early part of the season, Sadler scored his first goal for the club in a 2–1 defeat to Chesterfield, but lost his place in the first-team after a run of poor personal form. Having been recalled for an FA Cup first round victory at non-league Gainsborough Trinity, he was praised for his “first class attitude” and determination by manager Micky Mellon. Sadler later scored his second goal of the season on 26 April 2016, in a 2–1 loss against Walsall.

Following a change in management early in the following season, Sadler found himself playing more often in a central defensive role under Paul Hurst. He was named team-captain for the first time, in the absence of Abu Ogogo and Adam El-Abd, in February 2017, and went on to win the Player of the year, Players’ player of the year and Player in the community awards at the conclusion of the season, after helping Shrewsbury avoid relegation to League Two. Sadler subsequently signed a two-year contract extension, committing him to the club until summer 2019.

Sadler played nine times for England under-17, including at the 2002 European Under-17 championships, appeared once for the under-18s, and played four times at under-19 level.

Sadler said when he retires from playing football, he might go back to education to get a degree, having admitted not being dedicated to studying. He co-founded a property investment company whilst still playing for Shrewsbury Town, in 2017.

Lokomotiv

Lokomotiv, eller lok, er en spesialisert skinnegående trekkraftenhet med hensyn til å kunne trekke jernbanevogner.

At et lokomotiv beskrives som en spesialisert trekkraftenhet, vil si at lokomotivet er ikke konstruert for noe annet enn å trekke andre vogner. I jernbanedrift finnes det derimot andre trekkraftenheter som ikke er spesialisert på den måten, nemlig motorvognene shop baseball jersey. Motorvognene trekker seg selv, og til en viss grad også andre vogner, men har også innredning for å transportere reisende. Motorvogn er altså en kombinasjon av et lokomotiv og en passasjervogn. Små lokomotiver kalles i Norge skiftetraktorer. Disse skiller seg fra de som formelt betegnes som lokomotiver kun ved størrelse og ytelse. En oppdeling i lokomotiver og skiftetraktorer brukes ikke for damplokomotiver.

De første lokomotivene var damplokomotiver. Det første brukbare damplokomotivet antas å være Richard Trevithicks lokomotiv for Pen-y-Darren gruven i Wales, fra 1804. Robert Stephensons konkurrerte med The Rocket fra 1829 fra Liverpool til Manchester og det regnes som det første helt vellykkede damplokomotivet. De prinsipper Rocket ble bygget etter, er i hovedsak beholdt ved all damplokomotivproduksjon siden. Til Norge kom de tre første damplokomotivene i 1851, bygget av nettopp Robert Stephensons lokomotivfabrikk i Liverpool.

Damplokomotiver har som det ligger i navnet dampmaskineri for framdrift. Man koker vann på en kjele under trykk, og slipper damp under høyt trykk ut i sylindre som er koblet til drivhjulene. Prinsippet er enkelt, men ikke helt ufarlig på grunn av det store damptrykket som brukes. Vanlig for norske damplokomotiver var et trykk på 12 ganger vanlig lufttrykk. Damplokomotiver blir tradisjonelt fyrt med kull, men brensler som koks, ved og olje har vært brukt. Fyrstedet er innrettet for en bestemt brenselstype. Damplokomotiver har med seg et passende forråd av vann og brensel. Begge deler må etterfylles, gjerne flere ganger i løpet av en driftsdag for et damplokomotiv. Damplokomotivene var i praksis enerådende gjennom hele 1800-tallet, ble i Norge gradvis avløst fra 1920-tallet, og var her i ordinær drift fram til 1970, dog med færre og færre oppgaver de siste årene.

Selv om den alminnelige dampdriften i Norge opphørte i 1970, er mange damplokomotiver bevart og noen av dem er fremdeles kjørbare. Disse finnes ved museumsjernbanene, Norsk Jernbanemuseum på Hamar og Norsk Museumstog/Norsk Jernbaneklubb. Strenge sikkerhetskrav gjør at bruk av gammelt materiell på vanlige jernbanestrekninger byr på mange tekniske og administrative utfordringer. Noen få damplokomotiver er også utstilt på stasjoner. Situasjonen utenfor Norge er omtrent tilsvarende. Noen få steder i verden finnes det fortsatt damplokomotiver i ordinær drift, da dette er lavteknologi som lar seg holde i drift uten alt for avanserte verktøy.

Den kronologisk neste lokomotivtypen var de med elektriske motorer for framdrift. Den aller første brukbare ble konstruert av Werner von Siemens og vist på en utstilling i Berlin i 1879. Elektrisk framdrift ble først lansert som sporvogner, og Kristiania fikk sin elektriske sporvei allerede i 1894. Bortsett fra noen mindre industribaner, ble elektrisk drift på jernbanene i Norge iverksatt i 1908 med åpningen av Thamshavnbanen. Norges første normalsporede jernbane som fikk elektrisk drift var Tinnosbanen i 1911 how to make tender beef steak. NSB åpnet sin første elektriske jernbane i 1922 på strekningen Oslo V – Brakerøya. Til denne banen ble NSBs første elektriske lokomotivtype levert. Typen ble kalt El 1 og siden er NSBs elektriske lokomotivtyper betegnet på denne måten. Den siste offisielle i den serien er El 18 fra 1996, mens CargoNet sin nye elektriske lokomotivtype CE 119 (TRAXX F140 AC2) på en måte er en El 19.

Bensin- og dieselmotorer var til å begynne med for svake for jernbanedrift, særlig fordi overføringssystemet mellom motor og hjul var for dårlig. Gear og clutch lot seg anvende på små motorvogner og skiftetraktorer, men ikke for ordinære lokomotiver. I mellomkrigstiden kom imidlertid både elektriske og hydrauliske overføringssystemer og NSB fikk sitt første diesellokomotiv i 1942 fra Krupp i Tyskland, et dieselhydraulisk lokomotiv som ble gitt typebetegnelsen Di 1. Den store satsingen på diesellokomotiver i Norge startet imidlertid først i forbindelse med det såkalte “vekk med dampen”-programmet som ble vedtatt i 1955. Diesellokomotivtypene Di 2 og Di 3 (“Nohab”) gjorde inntog og erstattet, sammen med nye dieselmotorvogner og en rekke skiftetraktorer, alle damplokomotivene til NSB i løpet av en 15-årsperiode.

Moderne lokomotiver har som regel fire eller seks drivaksler, montert i boggirammer med to eller tre aksler per boggi. Dette gir bedre gangegenskaper på sporet enn tidligere tiders såkalte stivrammelokomotiver, der hjulakslene var montert direkte i lokomotivkassa. Som regel har lokomotivene en elektromotor per hjulaksel, opphengt rett over eller rundt hjulakselen for å minimere effekttapet mellom motor og hjul. Dette gjelder både elektriske og dieselelektriske lokomotiver.

Den store fordelen med lokomotiver, og tog mer generelt, er lav friksjon (rullemotstand) mellom hjul og skinne. Dette gir mulighet til transport av store mengder gods og personer med et lavt energiforbruk sammenlikna med lastebil eller buss. Dagens norske elektriske lokomotiver har en motoreffekt på rundt 6 000-7 000 HK (4 000-5 000 kW), mens dieselelektriske lokomotiver som brukes her til lands har 2 000-3 600 hk (1 500-2 700 kW) ytelse. Med slike effekter er det mulig å trekke tog på flere tusen tonn, litt avhengig av stigningsforholdene på banestrekningen.

For å kunne framføre lokomotiver må en være utdannet lokomotivfører. Dette er en utdannelse som i dag tar rundt 16-18 måneder, der ca. ett år foregår ved Norsk Jernbaneskole, og resten foregår som internopplæring i et togselskap. Fram til 2004 foregikk lokomotivføreropplæring i sin helhet som internopplæring i NSB. Enkelte mindre lokomotiver og arbeidsmaskiner kategoriseres som skinnetraktor – disse kan framføres av personer med opplæring og godkjenning som “fører av skinnetraktor” (tidl. UR-23), som er en kortere føreropplæring enn full lokomotivføreropplæring. Slike lokomotiver brukes i hovedsak ikke i ordinære person- eller godstog. På museumsjernbaner er det ikke nødvendigvis samme krav til førergodkjenning som på det nasjonale jernbanenettet.

En del av de mindre lokomotivene brukes kun innenfor avgrensede områder. Disse omtales vekselvis som skinnetraktorer, skiftetraktorer, skiftelokomotiver, skiftemaskiner eller bare “traktorer”. For bruk innenfor slike områder kan det også være andre og “lavere” kompetansekrav enn ved framføring ute på jernbanenettet.

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Vigile del fuoco

Il vigile del fuoco (detto anche genericamente pompiere dal francesismo sapeurs-pompiers e indicato con tale termine nella Svizzera italiana), è una figura professionale a cui vengono affidati vari compiti nella salvaguardia di vite umane.

L’inquadramento di questa professione è solitamente in un corpo pubblico di polizia, per quanto esistano anche organizzazioni private riconosciute nei vari stati.

Una delle prime figure di questo tipo è quella del vigiles dell’Antica Roma da cui deriva la sua denominazione. Furono istituiti dopo l’enorme incendio del 23 a.C.. Essi avevano funzione sia di vigili del fuoco sia di polizia cittadina. Pattugliavano infatti le strade sia di giorno che di notte.
A quanto scoperto sin ora, già nel II sec. d.C. esistevano caserme attrezzate. Nelle caserme c’era una fontana ed un tempietto dedicato al loro nume.[senza fonte]

In Giappone il corpo dei pompieri (火消し hikeshi?) fu fondato durante il periodo Edo. Essi utilizzavano, oltre alla consueta attrezzatura antincendio, una lampada chiamata matoi ( matoi?, まとい) per segnalare un edificio in fiamme. Il primo vero e proprio corpo di pompieri in senso moderno venne fondato a Londra fabric shaver electric, conseguentemente al devastante incendio che la colpì nel 1666.

Tra le competenze vi sono la lotta agli incendi, il soccorso pubblico, attività di difesa civile e la preservazione dei beni storico-artistici e culturali pink goalie gloves.

Le competenze dei vigili del fuoco sono in molti casi allargate anche ad altri settori della prevenzione a seconda della nazione in cui esiste tale figura professionale.

Il pompiere a bordo delle navi passeggeri è il marinaio addetto alla sorveglianza antincendio.

Una delle prime norme in tema fu il regio decreto legge 10 ottobre 1935 n. 2472, che istituì il Corpo pompieri alle dirette dipendenze del Ministero dell’Interno.

Essi sono inquadrati in corpo pubblico (il Corpo nazionale dei vigili del fuoco, come corpo civile militarmente ordinato) a livello nazionale, (ad esclusione di Trentino-Alto Adige e Valle d’Aosta).

Negli Stati Uniti d’America esiste uno standard a livello federale per stabilire i requisiti minimi richiesti per un corpo di vigili del fuoco, ad esempio gli standard NFPA. (National Fire Protection Association).

Altri progetti

Pansenazidose

Die Pansenazidose oder Übersäuerung des Pansens ist eine Stoffwechselstörung bei Wiederkäuern infolge strukturarmer Fütterung, die durch einen stark abfallenden pH-Wert (unter 5,8) gekennzeichnet ist. Bei pH-Werten zwischen 5,2 und 5,8 spricht man von einer subakuten Pansenazidose, die meist ohne klinische Erscheinungen bleibt. Das Gegenteil der Pansenazidose ist die Pansenalkalose toddler football shirts.

In leichteren Fällen ist die Futteraufnahme verringert und dadurch auch die Leistung geringer. Bei mittleren Fällen hört die Nahrungsaufnahme auf Paul Frank T-shirts Men, die Milch versiegt und es treten schwere Verdauungsstörungen wie Koliken und Durchfall auf sowie Teilnahmslosigkeit, Schwanken und Lahmheit. Bei schweren Fällen liegen die Tiere fest und verenden sogar, wenn sie nicht behandelt werden best steel water bottle. Infolge eines sekundär entstehenden Thiaminmangels kann es zu einer Hirnrindennekrose kommen.

Eine häufige Ursache ist ein zu hoher Anteil an Konzentratfutter in der Gesamtfutterration. Da die hier gewonnenen Kohlenhydrate zu leicht verdaulich sind, entstehen beim mikrobiellen Abbau der Stärke große Mengen von kurzkettigen Fettsäuren. Entscheidend für die Entstehung sind aber vor allem die durch Fehlgärung vermehrt entstehende Menge an Milchsäure (Laktat), die mit einer Säurekonstante von 3,8 deutlich stärker ansäuernd wirkt als Fettsäuren. Zudem sinkt die Aktivität des Wiederkäuens wodurch zu wenig alkalischer Speichel in den Pansen gelangt und der Panseninhalt übersäuert wall mounted toothpaste dispenser. Hierbei besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die Kleinlebewesen im Pansen absterben und somit das Futter schlechter verdaut wird.

Sowohl zur Behandlung als auch zur Prävention dienen die Verabreichung von gutem Heu und vor allem von Natriumbicarbonat zur Neutralisation. Weiterhin sollten nicht mehr als 250 bis 300 g Kraftfutter pro kg Milchleistung verfüttert werden. Der optimale Rohfasergehalt einer Ration liegt bei 18 bis 20 % der Trockenmasse, in einer totalen Mischration sollte der Rohfasergehalt nicht unter 16 % liegen. Die Rohfaser sorgt im Pansen für den sogenannten „Piekseffekt“, es werden physikalische Reize ausgeübt, welche die Mischbewegungen des Pansens (Pansenmotorik) anregen und so Pansenübersäuerungen entgegenwirken.

Bei mittleren und schweren Fällen sollte ein Tierarzt hinzugezogen werden.

Tales of Destiny

Tales of Destiny (テイルズ オブ デスティニー Teiruzu obu Desutinī) er et rollespill utviklet av Wolf Team og utgitt av Namco. I Japan ble spillet lansert for PlayStation i 1997, mens den nordamerikanske utgaven ble utgitt året etter. Tales of Destiny er det andre spillet i Tales-serien, og bærer store likheter med Tales of Phantasia. I 2006 ble en oppdatert utgave av spillet sluppet for PlayStation 2 i Japan. Begge utgaver inneholder mellomsekvenser produsert av Production I.G.

Den eventyrlystne ungdommen Stahn Aileron er hovedpersonen i Tales of Destiny. I starten av spillet har Stahn sneket seg om bord på det flygende fartøyet Draconis. Når mannskapet merker at de har med en blindpassasjer, setter de Stahn til å vaske dekket cheap team football jerseys. Etterhvert blir det flygende skipet angrepet av fiendtlige monstre, som lett overmanner mannskapet om bord på Draconis running utility belt. Stahn løper inn i lasterommet, hvor han finner et snakkende sverd ved navn Dymlos. Dymlos forteller at han er ett av flere hellige sverd som går under fellesbetegnelsen ”Swordians”. Som eneste overlevende, rømmer Stahn og Dymlos fra det flygende skipet ved hjelp av en redningspod. Etter å ha krasjlandet i en innsjø, møter Stahn flere personer som eier sine egne snakkende sverd, og blir etter hvert koblet opp mot en eldgammel konflikt mellom to menneskegrupper.

I likhet med forrige spill i serien, benytter Tales of Destiny seg av Linear Motion Battle System, som er kampsystemet Wolf Team utviklet for bruk i Tales of Phantasia. Kampene foregår i sanntid, og er oftest tilfeldige. Med andre ord er det sjelden at den som spiller har valget imellom å gå i kamp eller la være. Spilleren har hele tiden kontrollen over én figur, og kan bevege seg i to retninger; fremover og bakover. Figurene kan beskytte seg, og angripe motstanderne med våpen eller magi stainless steel drink containers. Hver gang man vinner en kamp blir figurene belønnet med erfaringspoeng, som igjen fører til at de når høyere styrkenivåer. Dette gjelder ikke for figurer som er bevisstløse når kampen er over. Helse og magi blir målt i Hit Points (HP) og Tech Points (TP), mens erfaring blir målt i Experience (exp). I likhet med rene slåssespill, kan man i Tales of Destiny benytte seg av mange forskjellige angrepskombinasjoner dritz lint shaver.

En oppdatert utgave av Tales of Destiny ble utgitt 30. november 2006 i Japan. Denne er eksklusiv for PlayStation 2, og inneholder den hittil raskeste utgaven av Tales-seriens kampsystem, som nå er mer avansert enn i den første utgaven av Tales of Destiny. I tillegg inneholder PlayStation 2-utgaven tredimensjonal, cel-shadet grafikk.

Cornelis Kruseman

Cornelis Kruseman (Ámsterdam, 25 de septiembre de 1797-Lisse, 14 de noviembre de 1857) fue un pintor neerlandés.

Hijo de Alexander Hendrik Kruseman (1765-1829) y Cornelia Bötger, nació en Ámsterdam, el 25 de septiembre de 1797 running with hydration pack. Siguió viviendo en esa ciudad hasta que viajó a Suiza e Italia en 1821. Con el tiempo acabó en París. En 1825, después de su regreso a los Países Bajos, se estableció en ‘s-Gravenhage (La Haya). El 3 de octubre de 1832 se casó con Henriette Angelique Meijer. En 1841 partió de nuevo a Italia; donde se quedaría durante seis años. Fue allí donde recibió el apodo de «Kruseman italiano». De 1847 a 1854 vivió en La Haya, y después en la ciudad de Lisse hasta su muerte a los 60 años.

Desde la edad de catorce años, asistió al Amsterdamse Tekenacademie y recibió clases de Charles Howard Hodges (1764-1837), Petrus Antonius Ravelli (1788-1861) y Jean Augustin Daiwaille (1786-1850). Su obra consiste en retratos, temas bíblicos y escenas italianas. En 1826 publicó un libro de sus viajes por Italia y titulado Aanteekingen van C maroon football socks. Kruseman, betrekkelijk deszelfs kunstreis en verblijf in Italië (Notas de C. Kruseman relacionadas a los mismos viajes de arte y estancia en Italia, en holandés).

Ha sido honrado por su trabajo en varias maneras. En 1831 fue nombrado Caballero de la Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw (Orden del León holandés), y en 1847 como Comandante de la Ordre de la Couronne de Chêne (Orden de la Corona de Roble), una condecoración luxemburguesa instalada en 1841 por el rey Guillermo II, Gran Duque de Luxemburgo. En 1917 fue designada una calle con su nombre, la Cornelis Krusemanstraat, en Ámsterdam; también en 1954 en Eindhoven, y en 1956 en Leeuwarden. El Krusemanstraat en Ede también fue nombrada después como Cornelis Kruseman, en 1981. Algunos de sus estudiantes entre ellos su primo segundo Jan Adam Kruseman y Herman Frederik Carel ten Kate (1822-1891).

En 1996, J. M. C. Ising (19 de julio de 1899-6 de octubre de 1996) large bpa free water bottles, una descendiente de Johannes Diederik Kruseman (16 de marzo de 1794-13 de enero de 1861), hermano de Cornelis Kruseman, estableció la fundación Cornelis Kruseman – J.M.C. Ising Stichting (la Fundación Cornelis Kruseman, para abreviar). El objetivo de dicha fundación es ganar más reconocimiento a la labor de Cornelis Kruseman y sus trabajos pictóricos relacionados.

Retrato de Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, barón van der Capellen (1778-1848), c. 1816 o más.

Retrato de Constant Gautier Cathérine François Ising personalised football jerseys.

Moeder en kind (Madre y niño).

Interieur met Sofie en Henriëtte Lotzen en de schilder Kruseman, spelend op een gitaar (Interior con Sofie y Heriëtte Lootzen y el pintor Kruseman tocando la guitarra), 1814.

Toren bij het water (Torre junto al agua).

Winterlandschap met figuren en koeien (Paisaje invernal con figuras y vacas).

Man met een pijp (Hombre con una pipa), 1817.

Lamentación de Cristo, c. 1830.

Alan Davies

Alan Roger Davies (født 6. marts 1966 i Loughton) er en engelsk komiker, stand-up-komiker og skuespiller, der bedst er kendt for sin rolle i den britiske tv-serie Jonathan Creek og som den faste paneldeltager i det britiske tv-program QI.

Davies blev født i Loughton i Essex og voksede op i Chingford i London. Han mor døde af leukæmi, da han var seks år water bottle belt holder, og han blev opdraget med sine to søskende af deres far, der var bogholder. I 1982 gik han ud af skolen. I 1988 dimitterede Davies fra University of Kent i drama og i 2003 fik han en æresdoktorgrad på universitet.

I 1988 begyndte Davies at lave stand-up i en Labour-klub i Whitstable

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. Han blev inspireret til det, mens han gik på universitetet, hvor han komikere som Billy Connolly. i 1991 blev han kåret som den bedste unge komiker af Time Out og i 1994 fik han Edinburgh Festivalens kritikerpris. I 1995 fik en videooptagelse af hans optræden på Lyric Theatre en god modtagelse.

I 1998 udkom et af Davies’ shows på dvd. Det hed Urban Trauma.

Efter næsten 12 års pause fra stand-up, turnerede Davies i 2011 i Australien og i 2012 i Storbritannien med sit show Life is Pain.

I 1994 og 1995 var Davies vært for BBC Radio 1-programmet Alan’s Big One. Programmet kørte i 13 timelange episoder.

I 1998 var Davies med i BBC Radio 4-programmet The Alan Davies Show som medforfatter og hovedrolleindehaver. Programmet handlede om den usuccesfulde skuespiller Alan Davies og hans venner. Programmet kørte i en sæson på seks episoder.

I 2004 og i 2007 var Davies med i radioprogrammet About a Dog. Han spillede hunden Jack.

I 1995 spillede Davies rollen som Simon Treat i Channel 4-programmet One for the Road. Programmet var en parodi på et rejseprogram.

I 1998 og 2000 spillede Davies hovedrollen Russell Boyd i komedieserien A Many Splintered Thing.

I 2001 spillede Davies hovedrollen Robert Gossage (Bob) i komediedramaet Bob and Rose, som en en homoseksuel mand, der bliver forelsket i en kvinde. Serien kørte i en sæson på seks episoder, og vandt i prisen som bedste komedieserie ved British Comedy Awards i 2001.

Davies spillede i 2004 og 2005 rollen som Henry Farmer i dramaserien The Brief, men holdt op efter to sæsoner og serien stoppede.

I 2008 spillede Davies med i to episoder af serien Hotel Babylon.

Davies spillede med i et afsnit af tv-serien Lewis i 2010. Det var afsnit 14 ud af 23 running belts for women, der hed Lewis: Your Sudden Death Question. I 2010 spillede han også hovedrollen Roland White – en kok – i komedieserien Whites. Whites kørte en enkelt sæson på seks afsnit.

I 2011 spillede Davies med i to afsnit af tv-serien Little Crackers.

I 1997 fik Davies rollen som den intelligente og afdæmpede Jonathan Creek i BBC-serien Jonathan Creek. Rollen som Creek gav Davies berømmelse og popularitet. Serien løb regelmæssigt til 2004 og var en blanding af krimi, drama og komedie. I 2009 og 2010 kom der to yderligere episoder. I 1998 vandt Jonathan Creek en BAFTA for bedste dramaserie.

Siden 2003 har Davies været fast paneldeltager i BBC-programmet QI, hvor Stephen Fry er vært. Han har været med i alle normale episoder, men i en enkelt episode var han kun med i introen, der var forhåndsindspillet, fordi han var til Champions League finalen under optagelsen.

I 2004 spillede Davies hovedrollen i dramaet Roman Road. Davies spillede rollen som Vince, der sammen med sin ven Matt, begiver sig ud på en rejse på en romersk vej.

I 2006 spillede Davies hovedrollen i dramafilmen The Good Housekeeping Guide.

Davies spillede i 2007 med i filmatiseringen af Agatha Christie-romanen Mod nulpunktet af samme navn.

Davies havde en rolle i filmen Hormoner, hængerøve og hårde bananer fra 2008.

Den 13. januar 2007 blev Davies gift med Katie Maskell, efter seks måneders forlovelse. De mødtes i 2005 backstage til QI-studiet. Komiker Bill Bailey var Davies’ forlover ved brylluppet. Den 9. december 2009 blev parrets første barn, datteren Susie, født. Den 18. juni 2011 blev parrets andet barn, sønnen Robert, født.

Davies er pescetar og har lagt stemme til en antivivisektionsvideo, der hedder “Wasted Lifes” (spildte liv) for foreningen Animal Aid.

Davies er ateist.

I 2007 bed Davies beruset i øret på en hjemløs mand. Han (Davies) havde været til begravelse forinden.

Davies er fan af fodboldklubben Arsenal F.C. og var på et tidspunkt vært for podcastet It’s Up For Grabs Now, der diskuterer Arsenal F.C.-relevante emner. Siden den 18. januar 2011 har Davies været vært for Arsenal-podcastet The Tuesday Club.

Margarethe Quidde

Margarethe Quidde geb. Jacobson (* 11. Juni 1858 in Königsberg i. Pr.; † 25. April 1940 in München) war eine deutsche Musikerin und Schriftstellerin.

Margarethes Eltern waren Julius Jacobson, der Direktor der Königsberger Universitäts-Augenklinik, und Hermine Jacobson geb phone belt holder. Haller, eine Großherzoglich Sachsen-Weimarische Hofopernsängerin. Margarethe studierte von 1874 bis 1879 Klavierspiel und Komposition bei Woldemar Bargiel und Violoncello bei Robert Hausmann an der Königlichen Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. Auf Empfehlung von Joseph Joachim setzte sie ihr Cellostudium von 1880 bis 1882 bei Alfredo Piatti in Cadenabbia fort. Als Pianistin und Cellistin konzertierte sie in Deutschland, Österreich, England und in der Schweiz. Ab 1912 spielte sie als Cellistin im Michaelis-Quartett in München water bottle reusable.

1882 heiratete sie in Königsberg den Historiker Ludwig Quidde. Auf Wunsch ihres Mannes verzichtete sie weitgehend auf eine öffentliche Karriere als Musikerin. Mit ihm zog sie nach Frankfurt am Main, 1886 zurück nach Königsberg und 1890 schließlich nach München, wo sie vereinzelt als Pianistin und Cellistin auftrat, sich aber vorwiegend als Schriftstellerin, Herausgeberin, Musikkritikerin und Übersetzerin betätigte. Ihr bekanntestes Werk waren die satirischen „Ketzereien aus dem Bayreuther Heiligthum“ von 1896. In München war sie der Mittelpunkt einer Mozart-Gemeinde. Mit ihrem Mann, der 1927 den Friedensnobelpreis erhielt, engagierte sie sich in der Friedensbewegung und war Mitglied in dem von Magnus Schwantje gegründeten Bund für radikale Ethik.

Ferner gründete sie 1896 gemeinsam mit ihrem Mann in München einen Verein für Tierschutz und gegen Vivisektion.

1933 flüchtete Ludwig Quidde vor den Nationalsozialisten ins Schweizer Exil. Margarete Quidde blieb in München, um ihre kranke Schwester pflegen zu können. Als „Halbjüdin“ stigmatisiert und verfolgt, war sie durch die Mischehe mit ihrem arischen, aber ebenfalls verfolgten Mann geschützt.

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