Toadfish Rebecchi

Jarrod Vincenzo Rebecchi (commonly known as “Toadfish” or “Toadie“) is a fictional character from the Australian soap opera Neighbours, played by Ryan Moloney. He made his first screen appearance during the episode broadcast on 23 January 1995. Toadie was created by writer Elizabeth Packett. Moloney had previously auditioned for another role in the show and had played a minor character, before being cast as Toadie. The actor was originally scheduled to play Toadie in one scene, but he went on to become a recurring cast member. When Toadie became popular with viewers, Moloney was promoted to the regular cast. In 2015, Moloney celebrated his 20th anniversary with Neighbours.

Toadie was initially portrayed as a troubled teenager and a “class clown”. After qualifying as a lawyer, Toadie matured and became a responsible member of the community. Despite being labelled “unlucky in love”, Toadie has had several love interests and has been married three times. Toadie has received mostly positive attention from television critics and viewers. For his portrayal of Toadie, Moloney earned a nomination for Best Actor in a Soap at the 2004 Rose d’Or Awards. In 2010, Moloney won the very first Best Daytime Star award at the Inside Soap Awards. He went on to win the award for a second and third time in 2011 and 2012.

The character of Toadfish was created by writer Elizabeth Packett. Actor Ryan Moloney was cast in the role after previously auditioning for the role of Brett Stark and appearing as a minor character called Cyborg, who vandalised the Willis family’s property. Moloney made his first appearance as Toadie during the episode broadcast on 23 January 1995. He recalled that his first scene lasted for ten minutes and that it featured Toadie begging his brother, Stonefish (Anthony Engelman), to take him to the beach. Moloney was originally contracted to play Toadie in that one scene, but he went on to become a recurring character. He thought the producers kept him on as he looked similar to Engelman when he was younger and they wanted to see more of the Rebecchi family. Toadie proved to be popular with the Neighbours viewers and he was asked to continue on the show full-time.

By 2003 Moloney said he had remained grounded and surpassed the “big-headed stuff” that comes with being in a soap opera. Moloney celebrated his 15th year on Neighbours in 2010. Moloney said: “Fifteen years on the show is quite an achievement in my eyes.” During an interview with entertainment website, Digital Spy, Moloney said “Like Toadie, I’ve literally grown up with Neighbours. Since I started out as a tearaway teenager in the series, I’ve experienced many transformations.” Moloney told What’s on TV that he plans to stay in Neighbours until the producers decide that they no longer require his service. He also added “It’s just the best job in the world. I turn up, I muck around, tell a few jokes and then go home.” In 2015, Moloney celebrated his 20th anniversary with Neighbours. Series producer Jason Herbison told Inside Soap that a major storyline was planned for Toadie, featuring returning characters connected to him.

Toadie’s nickname was derived from the toadfishes of Australia. The serial’s official website described a young Toadie as “fun-loving, mischievous and the class clown.” TV Week branded Toadie “another troubled-teen-turned-good” who was “fond of a practical joke”. Soap opera reporting website, Holy Soap, said he was “initially a bit of a layabout” that “got his act together and qualified as a lawyer.” He also observed him as coming in “as a rough bloke and now he’s a nancy.” Toadie is portrayed as an “unlucky in love character”. He would often be played as the “third-wheel” alongside Billy Kennedy (Jesse Spencer), who was more popular with female characters. In 2003, Moloney said: “Billy always got the chicks and it annoyed me because I wanted a chance at pashing someone… and now it’s all making up for lost time.” Moloney said when Toadie is “not in love and when he’s not heartbroken” he has the ability to do anything he wants.

Toadie’s persona is similar to Moloney’s in the sense that they both “mess around”. He further added, “In fact he is me, seeing how much fun and frivolity I can get away with.” Molony documented Toadie changing from “a bit of a bad boy” into a “lawyer who’s supposedly a responsible member of the community.” He felt that to begin with Toadie was not a good lawyer, because many his clients would receive prison sentences. On Toadie’s professionalism, Moloney said he is the type of lawyer that “probably likes to take his pants off behind the desk.”

Toadie’s image has changed repeatedly during his tenure. When he first appeared in 1995, he had long hair. He used to style a mullet similar to Scott Robinson’s (Jason Donovan) hairstyle. Moloney jested that it appeared as though a possum was on his head.

In one storyline Toadie and Connor O’Neill (Patrick Harvey) decide to take part in local wrestling, where he meets Genevieve Doyle (Lulu McClatchy). Moloney was required to train and learn wrestling routines in preparation for his scenes. He found it “physical and hard” to perform the stunts, without bringing any harm to himself or colleagues.

Toadie begins a relationship with old friend Steph Scully (Carla Bonner). Their relationship develops after Steph’s marriage to Max Hoyland (Stephen Lovatt) falls apart. During an interview with What’s on TV, Bonner said they have been friends for years, “but it’s never extended beyond friendship until now.” Bonner thought it was “inevitable” because they spent so much time together and he fitted into her life. She concluded “Toadie’s been a fantastic support to Steph, there every step of the way.” They later become engaged. Describing the developments in Toadie and Steph’s relationship during 2008, Dan Bennet speaking for Network Ten stated: “Steph has already agreed to a long engagement with Toadie, but she’s not ready to marry. This relationship will reach a massive fork in the road early in the new year. Toadie will force Steph to decide what she wants from this relationship.” Moloney said that considering Toadie’s ill fated association with weddings, he “should stay single forever. It’s safer that way.” Executive Producer Susan Bower said Toadie and Steph would always be “soul mates.” Although she opined they did not have real love between them and there were other characters more suited to Steph.

In 2008, viewers saw Toadie trying to adopt an East Timorese orphan, after claiming that he had lived in Indonesia for 12 months. Producers decided to stop the storyline at the last minute and they introduced Callum Jones (Morgan Baker) for Toadie instead. Of the axed storyline, Moloney said “I thought was just ridiculous. And it was just to spite Steph! I was like, ‘What are we doing?'” To begin with Toadie is more of a brother figure to Callum. Moloney said this was because Toadie “has no idea what he is doing with kids and constantly gets angry and shouts at him first. He then thinks about his actions and tries to think how he can get through to him better.” Bower was pleased with their progression. She said Toadie was “working incredibly well with Mini Me” Callum. Toadie becomes close to Callum’s teacher, Kelly Katsis (Katrina Milosevic). Though they date and kiss, nothing more happens between the pair. Moloney said that Toadie’s new found parental role had to come foremost to his own feelings. Moloney added “He’s new to fatherhood and it’s like baptism of fire.” Though he did feel that Kelly would have been a good character to keep in Toadies life. Callum started emulating certain characteristics of Toadie, Moloney said that he was like a young version of his character.

Toadie meets Sonya Mitchell (Eve Morey) and they begin a relationship. Moloney told Holy Soap that Sonya is Toadie’s “someone special” and that she is perfect for him. Of Sonya, Moloney said “She’s funny and a little bit zany and really accepting and loving as well.” However, their relationship ends when Toadie reveals that he is back together with Steph. Toadie leaves Sonya is “heartbroken”, though he keeps the fact it is a sham a secret. Toadie becomes torn when Sonya tells him she loves him, but he carries on the lie. Of the situation, Moloney said “Toadie is in love with Sonya, but he’s had to give up the chance to follow his heart. Now we see that he really wants nothing more than to be able to tell her he loves her and that he wants to be with her – but he just can’t.” Toadie realises that Sonya still loves him when he notices she is still wearing the bracelet he gave her. Toadie becomes jealous of Sonya’s new boyfriend David Foster (Ben Ridgwell). Sonya discovers that the wedding is a sham and the baby is not Toadie’s. She agrees to wait for Toadie, but Steph’s secret is revealed early and Sonya and Toadie decide to start their relationship over.

Callum wins tickets for a tropical cruise and he decides to give them to Toadie and Sonya. Toadie meets Eli Baker (P.J. Lane), Sonya’s ex-boyfriend, on the trip. Eli brings “out an inferiority complex” in Toadie and he feels challenged by him. Toadie and Eli compete in a karaoke competition. The scenes for the cruise storyline were filmed in late August 2010, around Darling Harbour and on board the Pacific Jewel. The episodes marked only the second time Neighbours had filmed outside of Victoria. The actors and crew took five hours to shoot on and around the Pacific Jewel’s running track and circus arena on the top deck. In February 2011, Morey revealed that she would like to see Toadie and Sonya have children together in the future. Toadie discovers that Sonya is Callum’s mother and Morey explained that Toadie’s reaction is one of devastation. Toadie has to ask Sonya if she ever loved him or was only with him to get Callum. Dieter Brummer joined the cast as Sonya’s ex-boyfriend, Troy Miller in March 2011. Brummer told TV Week that Troy will cause waves between Sonya and Toadie.

Toadfish is a practical joker at school and he soon becomes close friends with Billy Kennedy. Toadie comes into conflict with Billy’s father, Karl (Alan Fletcher) because of his behaviour and his mother Angie (Lesley Baker) later sends him to live with his aunt Coral (Denise Scott). A few months later, Toadie is sent back to Erinsborough and he decides to try to make a go of things at school. Toadie discovers that he has an above average IQ and is put into an accelerated learning class, but he keeps up his mischievous ways. Toadie becomes good friends with Hannah Martin (Rebecca Ritters) and Lance Wilkinson (Andrew Bibby). Toadie is horrified to learn that his mother and father plan to leave Erinsborough, so he and Billy convince Karl and Susan Kennedy (Jackie Woodburne) to let Toadie move in. Toadie passes his exams and studies law at Eden Hills University. He becomes a popular DJ on Uni FM bottle in a glass, moves in with Lou Carpenter (Tom Oliver) and takes a job at Lou’s Place. Toadie moves into Number 30 with Sarah Beaumont (Nicola Charles) and Joel Samuels (Daniel MacPherson). Toadie briefly becomes a guardian to his cousin, Tad (Jonathon Dutton). Toadie and Joel meet Dee Bliss (Madeleine West) and Vanessa Bradshaw (Julieanne Tait) on a night out. Dee later moves in with them.

Toadie is not happy when Geri Hallett (Isabella Dunwill) becomes his new Uni FM co-host and he plots to get her fired. His new co-host is Steph and Toadie develops feelings for her, but they decide to just be friends. Toadie is sacked from Uni FM, when he gives out some illegal advice. He is charged with inciting a crime and he decides to defend himself. Toadie becomes friends with law student Maggie Hancock (Sally Cooper) and she helps Toadie win his case. A romance develops between Toadie and Sheena Wilson (Zoe Stark), but when he tells her that her mother keeps coming onto him, Sheena breaks up with him. Toadie gets a job with a corporate law firm and becomes involved in Karl and Susan’s divorce. He later works for Tim Collins (Ben Anderson). Toadie falls in love with Dee and the couple get engaged. Shortly after they wed, Toadie drives their car off a cliff into the sea and Dee goes missing, devastating Toadie. A while later, Toadie falls for Sindi Watts (Marisa Warrington) and they start dating. With his friend, Connor, Toadie becomes a wrestler. He meets Genevieve and they begin a relationship, but it ends when she goes on tour.

Toadie is left a bikini store by client and he runs it with Connor. When Connor goes missing, Toadie believes he has been killed by Robert Robinson (Adam Hunter). Connor later sends Toadie some gifts and proves he is still alive. Toadie is shot in the back by Guy Sykes (Fletcher Humphrys) and he almost dies. Steph tells Toadie that she loves him, but she goes back to her husband. Toadie dates Abby Stafford (Louise Crawford), but their relationship ends when he realises that he is still in love with Steph. Toadie and Steph become a couple and they get engaged. However, on their wedding day, Toadie realises that Steph does not love him and he leaves her to go travelling. Toadie becomes Callum Jones’s guardian after his grandmother is taken to hospital. Toadie briefly dates Callum’s teacher, Kelly. Guy Sykes returns and holds Toadie and Callum hostage. Toadie helps Callum escape and wrestles Guy to the ground, before the police arrive. Toadie discovers that his dog Bob has cancer and he has him put to sleep. Bob’s ashes are scattered at the lake.

Toadie gets Callum a new dog called Rocky and they train him to be a guide dog. During Rocky’s training, Toadie and Callum are visited by Sonya Mitchell. Toadie asks her out, but she initially turns him down. Toadie and Elle Robinson (Pippa Black) believe Sonya and Lucas Fitzgerald (Scott Major) are seeing each other, but Sonya reveals she is his Gamblers Anonymous sponsor. Sonya and Toadie begin a relationship. Toadie agrees to help Steph cover up the fact she is pregnant with Daniel Fitzgerald’s (Brett Tucker) baby. They tell their family and friends that they are back together and they decide to get married. Toadie eventually tells Sonya the truth and asks her to wait for him. Paul Robinson (Stefan Dennis) starts blackmailing Toadie and later reveals Steph’s secret during a public event, devastating Dan’s wife Libby Kennedy (Kym Valentine). Toadie falls out with Libby, while Karl and Susan tell Toadie that he is no longer part of the family. Callum also becomes angry with Toadie, but Sonya gets them talking again.

Toadie defends Steph when she is charged with the accidental death of Ringo Brown (Sam Clark), but she is sent to prison. Sonya moves in, as does her sister, Jade (Gemma Pranita), who clashes with Toadie. Callum tries to find his mother and realises that she is Sonya. Toadie asks her to leave and cuts off contact with her. Toadie calls Harold Bishop (Ian Smith) for help, while Lucas convinces Toadie that Sonya loves him. Callum’s father, Troy Miller (Dieter Brummer), arrives and Toadie allows Callum and Troy to spend time together. Sonya and Toadie get back together. Troy turns nasty and punches Toadie, before Callum tells him to leave. Toadie takes a job with law firm Simmons & Colbert, so he and Sonya can get a loan to purchase the community gardens. Toadie begins representing The Hamilton Group, who want to build a new shopping complex in Erinsborough. Toadie is forced into relocating the development’s car park or risk being fired by Peter Noonan (James Saunders).

Toadie offers Lucas, Lou and Kyle Canning (Chris Milligan) money for their businesses, so the car park can be built in their place. Lou accepts the offer on Kyle’s behalf, while Lucas declines it. Peter start putting pressure on Toadie to get Lucas to sell. Lucas declines all of Toadie’s offers and he blames the law firm for sabotaging his garage. When Lucas’s apprentice, Chris Pappas (James Mason), is attacked, Toadie is questioned by the police and he realises that Peter is setting him up. Paul gives him an alibi, but the wrench Chris was attacked with is found in Toadie’s car. Lewis Walton (Andy McPhee) is later arrested for attacking Chris, but he states that Toadie hired him. Toadie poses as Lewis’ lawyer and when Lewis does not recognise him, the charges against him are dropped. Charlotte McKemmie (Meredith Penman) takes over Peter’s job and informs Toadie that he is being let go from the law firm. However, after Toadie decides to sue for wrongful dismissal, he is given his job back.

Sonya and Toadie struggle to conceive a child and a fertility test shows that Toadie has a low sperm count. Toadie starts a health kick in a bid to increase his chances of conception, but test results indicate his count is still low. Toadie suggests they try IVF or a sperm donor, but Sonya tells him that she knows that it is not what he wants. Before donating blood at the hospital, Sonya takes a pregnancy test and learns that she is pregnant. Troy purchases Number 32 and makes it clear that he wants to be a part of Callum’s life. He hires Toadie’s friend Ajay Kapoor (Sachin Joab) to help him gain access. When Troy goads Toadie about Sonya and the baby, Toadie punches him and is later served with an intervention order. He is forced to leave the street. Sonya collapses from the stress, but she and the baby are fine. Troy drops the custody case when Callum agrees to spend time with him.

Troy holds Sonya and Jade hostage, but is injured during their escape. Toadie finds Troy unconscious on the floor, but when he returns with the paramedics, Troy is gone. He is later admitted to hospital, but he leaves early to go to the school to get Callum. Toadie finds them and tries to reason with Troy. When Callum tells him to go, Troy tries to drive away, but dies from a head injury. Toadie and Callum attend his funeral together. Toadie starts a Twitter account for the baby and tries to be Sonya’s birthing coach as he feels left out of the pregnancy. When they learn they are having a daughter, Toadie and Sonya decide to name her Nell. Toadie’s cousin, Georgia Brooks (Saskia Hampele), moves in and Connor turns up after six years. He and Toadie soon revert to their House of Trouser ways. Toadie proposes to Sonya and she accepts. Sonya gives birth to Nell (Scarlett Anderson) via caesarean section waterproof clear bag. She falls unconscious and has to undergo surgery, leaving Toadie and Callum to care for Nell on their own for a few days.

Despite believing his wedding is jinxed, Toadie and Sonya marry. However, during the reception a gas bottle explodes, causing the marquee to collapse and injure Sonya, who suffers amnesia. Her memories return when Toadie organises a vow renewal ceremony for them. Steph returns to Erinsborough following her release from prison. She refuses to forgive Toadie for botching her case, but later apologises to him when she is arrested again. Ajay and Toadie go into partnership together. When Sonya is threatened by Robbo Slade (Aaron Jakubenko), as she is the witness in his court case, Toadie tries to protect his wife. After Robbo spikes Toadie’s drink, he wakes up the next morning with no memory of the night before. Robbo dies after being involved in a hit-and-run and Toadie is convinced he did it. However, Hudson Walsh (Remy Hii) admits that he was responsible for Robbo’s death. Toadie and Sonya’s marriage becomes strained when she starts spending less time at home with her family to help out other people, including single father Jacob Holmes (Clayton Watson), who kisses her.

Toadie hires Naomi Canning (Morgana O’Reilly) as his executive assistant. He is impressed when she brings in new business and offers her comfort when she reveals that she is being stalked. Callum gets a scholarship to a school in the United States and Toadie convinces Sonya to let him go. Naomi admits she has feelings for Toadie and kisses him. He realises that she has been manipulating him and Sonya, and fires her. Sonya and Toadie agree to cut back on their work, so that they can spend more time together as a couple. Toadie is hit by a car driven by Kathy Carpenter (Tina Bursill) and he suffers a fractured coccyx. Toadie receives a poison pen letter detailing Sonya’s addictions. After he and the neighbours receive more letters, Toadie asks Mark Brennan (Scott McGregor) for his help in identifying the sender. It later emerges that Sonya’s former best friend Erin Rogers (Adrienne Pickering) sent the letters, as she blames Sonya for introducing her to drugs. Sonya invites Erin to stay and her daughter Cat (Maleeka Gasbarri) visits. Cat bonds with Toadie and later asks to live with him and Sonya, but they help her to reconcile with her foster mother. Toadie helps Kyle out for the day, but accidentally causes a power outage.

While attending an open day for the new childcare centre, Toadie is injured when he tries to rescue Nell from a bouncy castle that is not anchored to the ground. He is unable to feel his legs and undergoes surgery to stabilise a T5 vertebra fracture. Karl informs Sonya that the surgeon was unable to remove the bullet that is still there and that Toadie may be paralysed. Angie returns to help out. Toadie struggles to accept his condition and the fact that he will have to use a wheelchair. After learning that his clients are leaving him, Toadie considers suing Naomi for compensation, but decides against it. On his return home, Toadie’s confidence is knocked when Nell refuses to hug him, as she is scared of his wheelchair. In a bid to prove to Sonya that he can cope without her, Toadie looks after Nell alone, but he is unable to go after her when she runs outside and is almost hit by Sonya’s car. Toadie’s brother Stonefish visits to offer his support, and he encourages Toadie to attend a benefit in his honour. Steph returns, trying to rebuild her life, and she and Toadie make a pact to support each other. Toadie has surgery to remove the bullet from his spine, which he hopes will enable him to walk again. Belinda Bell (Nikki Shiels) threatens Toadie, as she believes he reported her relationship with Steph to the hospital board. Sonya interrupts Toadie’s operation, fearing Belinda will sabotage it, causing a complication that leaves Toadie unable to have more children.

After he is discharged, Sonya asks Belinda to assist Toadie’s rehabilitation, and he begins walking again. Sonya tells Toadie that she hired Belinda because she was worried about his bond with Steph, causing a brief rift in their marriage. Toadie is trapped inside Lassiter’s following a boiler explosion, but is later rescued. Toadie tries to keep Sonya’s uncle Walter (Greg Stone) from meeting her, as he is not yet sober. However, Walter arrives in town and they are reunited. Steph tries to persuade Toadie to represent Paul in his trial for the Lassiter’s explosion, but he only agrees to do it if Paul pleads guilty. Toadie is shocked when Sonya suggests that she act as a surrogate for Steph and Mark, as Steph cannot cope with a pregnancy on account of her mental health problems. He agrees to talk to the couple about the idea, but is relieved when they reject it. He starts looking into ways of him and Sonya having another baby, but his plans are thrown when Steph and Mark change their mind. Toadie gets back on board with the plan again, realising Nell is enough for him and Sonya. Stonie sends Toadie a photo he took of a woman that looks like Dee, leaving Toadie to wonder if she is still alive. He contemplates hiring a private investigator to look into her disappearance. Sonya announces she is pregnant with Mark’s child.

Dee shows up at Number 30, and explains how she survived the car crash. Toadie helps Dee with her claim on her family’s estate. She later reveals that she was pregnant at the time of the car accident and introduces Toadie to their daughter Willow (Mieke Billing-Smith). Toadie bonds with Willow and helps her gain entry to a private school. He struggles with his feelings for Dee, and Sonya’s closeness with Mark. Toadie hands over a bankers draft for $100,000 to Dee, and he later finds that she and Willow have left town for London. With Sonya’s blessing, Toadie goes to London to find them. When Toadie calls home, Nell answers the phone and tells him Sonya is in bed with Mark. He assumes that Sonya has cheated on him and confronts her during a video call. He fails to close the call properly, and when Dee comes to his room to talk, Sonya sees him and Dee have sex. While Dee is in the shower, Toadie finds her passport with the name Andrea Somers (West) on it. She soon admits that she is not Dee, but she does love him. Toadie rejects her and quickly leaves the hotel. Willow tries to talk to him, but he walks into the road and is hit by a taxi. At the hospital, Karl visits him and reveals that Sonya has had a miscarriage and that she saw him have sex with Andrea.

Upon his return to Erinsborough, he misses the memorial for Caitlin and rushes to see Sonya. Consumed by her grief, Sonya walks away from Toadie, leaving Toadie at the memorial. Back at his home, he shows up at the post-memorial gathering, to the shock of everyone else in the room. Again, Sonya walks away from Toadie. Susan decides to talk to Sonya about how she feels with Toadie’s infidelity with Andrea. She later complies and talks to Toadie. They begin to argue after Sonya doesn’t want to hear another sorrow story and makes a bold move to end their marriage, leaving Toadie to fight in order to win Sonya back, even if their marriage will never be as strong as they used to. Toadie moves in with the Kennedys. Later, he moves to live with his brother, Shane.

For his portrayal of Toadie, Moloney was nominated for a Rose d’Or award for Best Actor in a Soap in 2004. In 2010, Moloney won the very first Best Daytime Star award at the Inside Soap Awards. Moloney won the award for a second and third time in 2011 and 2012 respectively. He was nominated in the same category at the 2017 Inside Soap Awards.

In 2008, men’s magazine Zoo Weekly placed Toadie on their annual Top 50 People We Hate List. Zoo editor Paul Merrill said “Toadie has just been on the show for too long, he’s not a great character and we wish he wasn’t on the show.” Though, in a survey carried out by Yahoo! to find viewers favourite Neighbours character of all time, Toadie came joint second with Harold Bishop with 15 per cent of the votes. Stephen Moynihan writing for The Age said Toadie is one of the “most enduring and popular characters” in Neighbours.

The Herald Sun’s Siobhan Duck included Toadie and Dee’s wedding day tragedy on a list of “Top 6 Neighbours moments”. Whilst Duck’s colleague Darren Devlyn said it was one of Neighbours’ most memorable weddings. Herald Sun readers also voted the wedding as the third “most memorable” moment in Neighbours history. Daniel Kilkelly and Ryan Love of Digital Spy also shared Devlyn’s sentiment. They said the wedding caused “a whole flood” of tears to the eye and said the ceremony was like a “fairytale”. They concluded “as for Toadie, his luck when it came to weddings never did get any better…”

In 2010, to celebrate Neighbours’ 25th anniversary Sky, a British satellite broadcasting company profiled 25 characters of which they believed were the most memorable in the series history. Toadie is in the list and describing him they state: “Toadie – or Jarrod, to his bogan mother – has taken the mantle from Harold of looking after the Ramsay Street flock, ending his time as the errant child of the Street. After all, he entered the show as a bad influence on pretty boy Billy Kennedy, and there was that weird period when he ran a bikini store, Bounce, with House of Trouser co-member Connor. There’s something a little Ian Beale about the character – he’s slightly annoying, it’s difficult to care about his plots and you dread the day he’s going to attempt a sex scene, but the show just wouldn’t work without him.” They also describe his most memorable scenes as the death of his wife Dee; looking after Callum; on-off relationship with Steph. Holy Soap also described Dee’s death scenes as his most memorable. Roz Laws of the Sunday Mercury said Toadie and Callum shared an “unlikely love” for wrestling. She also wondered if he was actually up to the challenge of looking after Callum full-time.

Jaci Stephen writing for the Daily Mail has often been critical of Toadie’s eating habits and professionalism. Stephen was unimpressed by the fact he takes on so many legal cases. She jested “as far as I can tell he runs Australia’s entire legal system (even though he never opens a book).” Stephen also said Toadie was as “ubiquitous a lawyer” as Rachel Armstrong from Home and Away is a doctor. Then proceeded to ask “Are they short on training places down under?” Stephen passed comment over Toadie’s tendency to be shown consuming large amounts of Pizza. She said it was a pity he does not watch what he eats. She has also said she could not imagine Toadie and Callum joining Weight Watchers or never eating pizza again. Stephen criticised Toadie’s sham marriage to Steph, because it wasted nine months of Toadie and viewers lives alike. She also felt the story had the custom to drag on and feel like “nine years”.

Natalie Craig writing for The Sydney Morning Herald said Toadie was always destined for greatness. She said as a teenager he was a “major ratbag with a major mullet to match”, but a genius at the same time. Craig opined many “memorable Toadie moments” occurred when he shared his home. She cited her favourite ever scene as being one in which Toadie, Joel and Lance had a stand-off over the washing up.

Morning Post

Die Morning Post (dt. „Morgenpost“) war eine hochkonservative englische Zeitung, die einmal täglich in London herausgegeben wurde. Die Morning Post bildete das exklusive Organ des britischen Hofs und der vornehmen Welt. Sie erschien zwischen 1772 und 1937.

Die Morning Post wurde von John Bell am 2. November 1772 mit einer anfänglichen Auflage von 350 Exemplaren gegründet und war damit die älteste politische Tageszeitung Londons. Um 1900 hatte sie eine tägliche Auflage von 75.000.

Ursprünglich war die Zeitung ein Sprachrohr der Whigs, nachdem sie aber 1795 von Daniel Stuart (1766–1846) übernommen worden war, neigte sie der moderaten Tory-Richtung zu. Eine Anzahl prominenter Autoren veröffentlichte Artikel in der Morning Post: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Charles Lamb, James Mackintosh und William Wordsworth. Unter Stuart wuchs die Auflage auf 4.000 Exemplare.

Später wurde die Zeitung von einem Papiermacher aus Lancashire namens „Crompton“ übernommen. Dieser stellte 1848 das ehemalige schottische konservative Parlamentsmitglied Peter Borthwick als Herausgeber an, der für Evesham zwischen 1835 und 1847 tätig war. Nach dem Tod Borthwicks, übernahm dessen Sohn Algernon die Tätigkeit. Während der 1850er Jahre war die Morning Post sehr stark mit dem Ministerium Palmerston verbunden.

Mit Hilfe von Andrew Montagu kaufte Borthwick die Morning Post 1876. Sein Sohn Oliver Borthwick wurde Geschäftsführer und Herausgeber, doch starb er in jungen Jahren und nach dem Tod des Vaters 1908 übernahm dessen Tochter Lilias Borthwick (1871–1965), Frau von Seymour Henry (1864–1943), die Geschäfte best hydration pack for runners. Die Zeitung war bekannt für ihre Neigung für die Reichen und Mächtigen, ihr Interesse für Außenpolitik und künstlerischen und literarischen Ereignissen. Man begann mit der regelmäßigen Veröffentlichung von Bemerkungen zu Theaterstücken, Konzerten und Opern. Die Morning Post soll die erste Tageszeitung Londons gewesen sein, die so vorgegangen ist.

Die Morning Post zog sich den Zorn aller Anti-Kolonialisten zu, als sie 1919 eine Sammlung zugunsten von Reginald Dyer, dem Schlächter von Amritsar, veranlasste und so 18 meat tenderiser machine.000 Pfund Sterling zusammenbrachte.

1911 wurde die Herausgabe der Zeitung von Howell Arthur Gwynne (1865–1950) übernommen. Lilias Borthwick verkaufte sie 1924 an Alan Percy, 8. Duke of Northumberland. Schließlich wurde sie 1937 an William Berry weiterverkauft. Entgegen der Annahme water bottle online, dass die Zeitung weiter bestehen würde, ging sie im Daily Telegraph auf.

Rockwell X-30

Rockwell X-30 var et scramjet-drevet romfly-konsept bestilt av NASA og USAs forsvarsdepartement. En modell i skala 1:3 ble bygd før prosjektet ble kansellert i 1994.

USAs Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) hadde mellom 1982 og 1985 et topphemmelig prosjekt som ble kalt Copper Canyon. Opprinnelig var målet å undersøke muligheten av å bygge et et-trinns romfartøy som kunne nå jordbane. Dette SSTO – fartøyet (Single-Stage-To-Orbit) skulle ta av og lande som et konvensjonelt fly. Prosjektet ble utvidet til å bli det president Ronald Reagan i sin årlige tale til kongressen i 1986 beskrev som

Denne visjonen fikk navnet NASP (National Aero-Space Plane), og X-30 var en del av utviklingsprogrammet.

Det ambisiøse prosjektet involverte NASA, USAs forsvarsdepartement, og flere større teknologi-selskap. En modell i skala 1:3 ble bygd og testet i høytemperert vindtunnel i årene fra 1986 til 1994. Prosjektet hadde store kostnads- og teknologiske problemer, noe som resulterte i at Kongressen avslo å bidra med flere midler i 1994. Prosjektet ble kansellert i november 1994 – før et fullskala X-30 var bygget, men et nytt program ble startet etter kanselleringen: Hypersonic Systems Technology Program (HySTP). Dette var et teknoligi-utviklingsprogram som skulle viderføre nyvinningene gjort under X-30 / NASP-prosjektet. Eksperimentflyet NASA X-43 er et av resultatene av HySTP.

Målet med X-30 var å utvikle nye teknologier og komponenter for en ny generasjon romfartøyer som skulle redusere kostnadene ved å sette nyttelast i jordbane. Disse fartøyene skulle fly i Mach 25 og ta av og lande som et fly, uten bruk av flertrinns-raketter. Et av målene var at denne generasjonen romfartøyer skulle kunne nå jordbane ved hjelp av fremdriftssystemer som krevde luft. I den tiden prosjektet pågikk, førte det til betydelige fremskritt i utviklingen av nye temperaturbestandige titan- og beryllium-legeringer, samt nye karbonmaterialer. Disse materialene, og prosjektets arbeid med scramjet-motorer (Supersonic-Combustion ramjet) skulle vise seg nyttige for USAs videre romprogram.

X-30 skulle ha scramjet-motorer med flytende hydrogen som drivstoff. For å kunne motstå den enorme varmebelastningen de høye hastighetene ville medføre, måtte nye varmebestandige materialer og legeringer utvikles. Et aktivt kjølesystem var også nødvendig for å fjerne friksjonsvarmen fra skroget. En kjøleteknikk som var tenkt brukt var å la det flytende hydrogen-drivstoffet sirkulere i rør rundt skroget før det ble matet inn i scramjet-motoren. På denne måten ville varmen fra skroget ledes vekk, og motor-ytelsen øke, noe som skulle gjøre det mulig å oppnå hastigheter opp mot Mach 25.

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Baiyi Zhuan

The Baiyi Zhuan (simplified Chinese: 百夷传; traditional Chinese: 百夷傳; pinyin: Bǎiyí Zhuàn; literally: “Account of One Hundred Barbarians”) is a description of the Dai polity of Mong Mao in 1396 written by two envoys how to tenderize tough cooked beef, Qian Guxun and Li Sicong, sent by the Ming court in China to resolve conflicts between the Ava Kingdom in Burma and Mong Mao, also known as Luchuan-Pingmian. The description includes the history, geography, political and social organization, customs, music belt bag for runners, food, and products of the region (Sun Laichen, 1997). Ming Shilu describes the work:

The Messengers Li Si-cong and Qian Gu-xun were sent as envoys to the country of Burma and to the Bai-yi [Tai]…When Si-cong and the others returned, they memorialized the events. They also wrote Account of the Bai-yi aluminum water bottles, which recorded in detail the area’s mountains and rivers, the people, the customs and the roads, and presented it. The Emperor was impressed that they had not neglected the duties of envoys and said that their talents were useful non bpa bottled water. He was very pleased and conferred upon each of them a set of clothing.

Parti communiste des terres basques

Le Parti communiste des terres basques (en basque : Euskal Herrialdeetako Alderdi Komunista abrégé en EHAK) et en espagnol : Partido Comunista de las Tierras Vascas abrégé en PCTV) est un parti politique basque dont le champ d’action est le Pays basque espagnol ou « Pays basque sud », de gauche abertzale et d’idéologie marxiste-léniniste. Il est placé sur la liste officielle des organisations terroristes de l’Union européenne en 2009 mais n’y apparaît plus en 2010.

Le 17 avril 2005, le parti obtient 12,44 % des voix et une représentation parlementaire (neuf sièges) au Parlement basque how to tenderize cooked pork. Il est durement critiqué, notamment par le Parti populaire, qui l’amalgame avec l’organisation Euskadi ta Askatasuna (ETA) et à une résurgence de la liste interdite d’Aukera Guztiak (« toutes les options » en basque).

Le parti est interdit, en janvier 2008, de se présenter aux élections générales du 9 mars, puis déclaré illégal glass voss water bottle, aux côtés du parti Action nationaliste basque (EAE-ANV) par l’État espagnol pour des liens supposés avec Batasuna, parti accusé d’être la branche politique d’ETA football shirt designs.

Le parti défend dans ses statuts la dictature du prolétariat et l’autodétermination et l’indépendance du peuple basque, au sein d’une république socialiste. Dans ses premiers meetings bottle thermos, des drapeaux de l’URSS étaient arborés.

Церковь Преображения Господня (Никита)

Церковь Преображения Господня — русская православная церковь в поселке Никита у входа в Никитский ботанический сад.

В 1881 году с инициативой строительства церкви выступил директор Никитского сада Александр Иванович Базаров. В 1882 году было принято положительное решение и разработка проекта поручена архитектору П.К. Теребеневу. Здание планировалось как церковь, больница и квартира священнослужителя. В основании фундамента была заложена памятная табличка. Храм был освящен 25 февраля 1887 года (по ст. стилю). Первым настоятелем храма стал о. Василий Иванов. 26 апреля 1885 года церковь посетили Государь Император и Цесаревич Николай. Богослужения в храме совершались до 1927 года. Звонница и купол были разрушены, колокола сброшены. Нижняя часть здания использовалась как квартиры и склад, верхняя — как кинотеатр. Внутренние росписи и иконостас — утрачены. В 1991 году церковь возвращена верующим

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. 19 августа 1992 храм был вновь освящен.

В плане церковь представляет собой четырехконечный крест. В здании два этажа: на первом размещалась больница и квартира священника, на втором — собственно церковь. В обширном вестибюле находится чугунная лестница, ведущая на второй этаж conair cls1 fabric shaver. Над храмом находился не сохранившийся купол на барабане, увенчанный восьмиконечным крестом. Окна — арочные, с каменными наличниками water bottle dishwasher safe, В неглубоких межоконных нишах снаружи здания находились кованные кресты. Перед входом находилась звонница с крестом, восстановленная после 1993 года. Колокола были отлиты в Москве на заводе Н.Д. Финляндского.

Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite

13,50 m (łopaty kompozytowe)

11,45 m (ze złożonymi łopatami wirnika i częścią nosową)

6441 kg (łopaty kompozytowe)

3682 m (pułap dynamiczny na jednym silniku)

czerwony – aktualni

niebieski – byli

Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite – amerykański morski śmigłowiec wielozadaniowy.

SH-2G jest śmigłowcem pokładowym. Stanowi wersję rozwojową śmigłowca SH-2F Seasprite, opracowaną w latach 80. XX wieku. Zgodnie z pierwotnymi założeniami miał to być śmigłowiec operujący z krótkokadłubowych fregat typu Oliver Hazard Perry oraz fregat typu Knox, czyli z jednostek które miały za małe pokłady dla śmigłowców SH-60 Seahawk. Po zakończeniu zimnej wojny marynarka wojenna USA została zredukowana, wobec czego rozpoczęto wycofywanie fregat typu Oliver Hazard Perry oraz typu Knox, a z nimi śmigłowców SH-2F i SH-2G. Skutkiem tego było poszukiwanie nowych użytkowników wycofanych śmigłowców. W ten sposób SH-2G trafiły na wyposażenie Egiptu, Australii, Nowej Zelandii i Polski.

W latach 60. XX wieku ze względu na rozwój sił podwodnych ZSRR mogących poważnie zagrozić NATO, w Stanach Zjednoczonych podjęto decyzję o opracowaniu śmigłowca przeznaczonego do walki z okrętami podwodnymi. Nowa maszyna miała być głównym elementem programu LAMPS. Z uwagi, że w tamtym okresie na wyposażeniu US Navy znajdowały się śmigłowce H/UH-2 Seasprite zdecydowano się, że to właśnie na ich podstawie zostanie zbudowana nowa maszyna oznaczona jako SH-2D. Pierwsze dwa prototypy śmigłowców przeciwpodwodnych powstały na bazie gotowych maszyn HH-2D. W stosunku do pierwowzoru nowy śmigłowiec został wyposażony w aparaturę specjalistyczną: radar do wykrywania obiektów nawodnych, detektor anomalii magnetycznych (MAD), zasobnik boi akustycznych, system wykrywania emisji elektromagnetycznej (ESM) i uzbrojenie przeciw okrętom podwodnym w postaci dwóch samonaprowadzanych torped. Prototyp SH-2D oblatano 16 marca 1971 roku i już w tym samym roku pierwsze śmigłowce trafiły do amerykańskiej marynarki wojennej.

W roku 1972 oblatano prototyp wersji zmodernizowanej YSH-2E, jednakże ostatecznie nie weszła ona do produkcji. Prototyp wykorzystano jednak do opracowania udoskonalonej wersji SH-2F z nowymi silnikami T58-GE-8F i zmodyfikowanym radarem LN-66HP. Do tej wersji przebudowano 104 śmigłowce UH-2, a 59 maszyn zbudowano od podstaw (ostatnia w 1986 roku).

W latach 80. XX wieku zdecydowano, że docelowym śmigłowcem programu LAMPS będzie SH-60 Seahawk. Jednakże nie wszystkie okręty amerykańskie posiadały odpowiednie do niego lądowiska. Wobec tego pod koniec lat 80. XX wieku rozpoczęto prace nad nową maszyną oznaczoną jako „SH-2G Super Seasprite”, konstrukcyjnie opartą o śmigłowiec SH-2F. Był to morski śmigłowiec wielozadaniowy z możliwością zwalczania okrętów nawodnych i podwodnych, mający operować z krótkokadłubowych fregat typu Oliver Hazard Perry oraz fregat typu Knox. Prototyp śmigłowca SH-2G zbudowany na bazie SH-2F oblatano w kwietniu 1985 roku, natomiast oblot prototypu wyposażonego w całości w nową awionikę nastąpił 28 grudnia 1989 roku.

Śmigłowiec od SH-2F różnił się zastosowaniem oszczędniejszych (o około 20%) i mocniejszych (o około 10%) w stosunku do dotychczasowych jednostek napędowych w postaci silników General Electric T-700-GE-401/401C. Ponadto układ przeniesienia napędu dostosowano do pracy bez smarowania do 30 minut pink goalkeeper gloves. Przekonstruowano, także sam kadłub wydłużając żywotność płatowca do 10 tysięcy godzin wooden meat tenderizer, a także poprawiając stateczność maszyny, co pozwoliło na zamontowanie w tylnej części kadłuba opuszczanego sonaru. Opracowano także nowy wirnik nośny o resursie wydłużonym do 10 tysięcy godzin i kompozytowe łopaty o żywości do 15 tysięcy godzin. Dla porównania dotąd stosowane łopaty metalowe miały resurs na poziomie 3700 godzin. Kompozytowych łopat nie zastosowano jednak w seryjnych śmigłowcach przeznaczonych dla US Navy.

Początkowe plany tworzone w latach 80. XX wieku przewidywały przebudowę do nowego wariantu 61 śmigłowców SH-2F, a także zbudowanie od podstaw kolejnych 103 śmigłowców. Jednakże koniec zimnej wojny drastycznie zweryfikował te plany. Doszło do redukcji floty amerykańskiej, czego skutkiem było wycofanie z linii wszystkich fregat typu Knox, a w dalszej kolejności także krótkokadłubowych fregat OHP. Wobec tego dla potrzeb US Navy ostatecznie powstało ok. 20 SH-2G (w zależności od źródła – od 18 do 24 maszyn), w tym od podstaw wybudowano tylko 6 maszyn.

Wobec tego rozpoczęto poszukiwanie nowych użytkowników dla wycofanych śmigłowców. Zmodernizowane śmigłowce kupił Egipt, Australia oraz Nowa Zelandia. Ponadto cztery śmigłowce przekazano Polsce wraz z dwoma fregatami typu Oliver Hazard Perry.

SH-2G jest dwusilnikowym morskim śmigłowcem wielozadaniowym, w układzie klasycznym z trójłopatowym wirnikiem głównym i czterołopatowym śmigłem ogonowym. Jest przeznaczony do zwalczania okrętów podwodnych, walki z okrętami nawodnymi, wykonywania zadań rozpoznawczych oraz ratownictwa morskiego.

Kadłub jest całkowicie metalowy, tak zaprojektowany, aby po przymusowym wodowaniu śmigłowiec utrzymywał się na wodzie. Ponadto w stosunku do SH-2 zmodernizowano kadłub wydłużając żywotność struktury płatowca do 10 tysięcy godzin. Zastosowano podwozie kołowe, trójpodporowe. Z przodu znajduje się podwozie główne, chowane. Tylne, stałe jest samonastawne. Zastosowano opony bezdętkowe.

Napęd śmigłowca stanowią dwa silniki T-700-GE-401/401C produkcji General Electric o mocy 1430 KM każdy. Główny zbiornik paliwa ma pojemność 1045 litrów. Ponadto wprowadzono możliwość montażu dwóch dodatkowych zbiorników o łącznej pojemności 758 l. Śmigłowiec przystosowany jest do tankowania w powietrzu. Moc z silników przenoszona jest na wirniki za pomocą przekładni redukcyjnej. Znajduje się ona w przedniej części śmigłowca w przeciwieństwie do SH-2F, u którego znajdowała się w tylnej części. Jako APU zastosowano turbinę gazową Turbomach T-62, śmigłowiec ma także dwa generatory elektryczne, każdy o mocy 30kVA.

Śmigłowiec SH-2G ma ręcznie składane łopaty wirnika głównego i śmigła ogonowego. Oprócz tego śmigłowiec ma składany nos. Dzięki temu podczas stacjonowania na okręcie zajmuje mniej miejsca i łatwiej może być przechowywany w hangarze.

Załogę śmigłowca SH-2G stanowią trzy osoby: dwóch pilotów oraz operator systemów. Oprócz tego w maszynie można przewozić czterech pasażerów. Śmigłowiec wyposażony jest także w hak podkadłubowy, pozwalający na podwieszenie ładunku o masie do 1816 kg. Zastosowano także wyciągarkę przydatną podczas działań ratowniczych o udźwigu do 280 kg.

Awionika SH-2G jest zintegrowana w oparciu o zdublowaną szynę MIL-STD-1553B. Do ważniejszych systemów śmigłowca należy system taktyczno–nawigacyjny AN/ASN-150, nowy radar do wykrywania obiektów nawodnych wyposażony w układ cyfrowej obróbki sygnału oraz odbiornik AN/UYS-503, który pozwala śmigłowcom SH-2G na samodzielne przetwarzanie danych pozyskanych dzięki pławom radiohydroakustycznym. Wcześniejsze wersje Seaprite’ów musiały przekazywać takie dane okrętom, gdzie możliwa była ich dalsza obróbka. W drugiej połowie lat 90. śmigłowce SH-2G należące do US Navy wyposażono w laserowy system wykrywania min morskich Magic Lantern.

Głównym uzbrojeniem śmigłowców są dwie torpedy Mk 44, Mk 46 lub Mk 50 służące do zwalczania okrętów podwodnych oraz dwa pociski Penguin, Maverick lub Sea Skua do zwalczania celów nawodnych. Poza tym mają osiem wyrzutni znaczników dymnych Mk 25 i uchwyty na karabiny maszynowe M60 w obu drzwiach kabiny.

W roku 1995 egipska marynarka wojenna zamówiła 10 zmodyfikowanych śmigłowców SH-2G(E), które mały operować z czterech fregat FFG-7 i dwóch fregat typu Knox. Pierwsze maszyny dotarły do odbiorcy w roku 1998.

W roku 2005 Egipt podpisał z firmą Kaman umowę na modernizację dwóch śmigłowców SH-2G(E). Obejmowała ona m.in. montaż autopilota DAFCS, głowicy FLIR, systemu HUMS oraz wymianę niektórych elementów awioniki. Zmodernizowane śmigłowce powróciły do Egiptu w lutym 2009 roku.

Dotychczas egipska marynarka wojenna straciła jeden śmigłowiec SH-2G(E) – w katastrofie morskiej w roku 2006.

Na początku lat 90. XX wieku Royal New Zealand Navy rozpoczęła poszukiwania nowego śmigłowca pokładowego, który miałby operować z pokładów fregat typu ANZAC i fregat typu Leander. Miał on zastąpić w tej roli wysłużone śmigłowce Wasp. Do przetargu stanęły dwie konstrukcje: SH-2G i Super Lynx. Ostatecznie wygrała konstrukcja Kamana i w roku 1997 podpisano kontrakt na dostawę 5 śmigłowców w wariacie zmodernizowanym SH-2G(NZ). Aby przyspieszyć szkolenie załóg do czasu dostarczenia właściwych śmigłowców wypożyczono 3 śmigłowce SH-2F. Dostawy docelowych SH-2G(NZ) odbywały się w latach 2001-2003.

Dwa z nowozelandzkich SH-2G uległy wypadkom. Pierwszy 20 lutego 2002 roku, a drugi 24 maja 2004 roku. Po dokonaniu niezbędnych napraw oba powróciły do czynnej służby.

W roku 2008, w ramach pilnej potrzeby operacyjnej, nowozelandzkie SH-2G(NZ) zostały dozbrojone w karabiny maszynowe FN MAG-58M kal. 7,62 mm.

W kwietniu 2013 roku władze nowozelandzkie ogłosiły zamiar zakupu 10 śmigłowców SH-2G(A), wykorzystywanych w Australii i zwróconych Kamanowi w roku 2008. Osiem z nich ma zastąpić używane tam do tej pory w roli śmigłowców ZOP maszyny SH-2G(NZ), natomiast pozostałe dwa mają być wykorzystane jako źródło części zamiennych. Planuje się, że pierwsze 3 maszyny zostaną dostarczone do Nowej Zelandii do końca 2014 roku, a po zakończeniu dostaw śmigłowce gotowość bojową osiągną w 2016 roku. Koszt 10 śmigłowców, symulatora lotu oraz pakietu szkoleniowo-logistycznego ma wynieść ok. 204 mln USD.

W 2014 roku Peru odkupiło pięć należących do Nowej Zelandii śmigłowców SH-2G.

W roku 1999 podpisano polsko-amerykańskie porozumienie o przejęciu od US Navy dwóch fregat rakietowych klasy Oliver Hazard Perry. Ponieważ miały to być wersje z krótkim lądowiskiem, postanowiono także pozyskać śmigłowce SH-2. W styczniu 2001 roku podpisano kontrakt, na mocy którego z US Naval Air System Command przejęto cztery śmigłowce SH-2G (nr fabr. od 163543-163546), które miały stacjonować na pokładach pozyskanych fregat. Maszyny dostarczono do Polski w latach 2002-2003. Były to śmigłowce z ostatniej wyprodukowanej w USA serii (lata 1992-1993) i wcześniej służyły w dywizjonie HSL-94 US Navy. Przed przekazaniem ich Polsce dokonano ich przeglądu technicznego w zakładach Kamana. Potem maszyny trafiły do 28 Eskadry Lotniczej MW (od roku 2011 43 Baza Lotnictwa Morskiego). Według dostępnych informacji pozyskanie śmigłowców SH-2G kosztowało Polskę ok. 4 mln USD, poza tym podpisano kontrakt serwisowy o wartości ok. 16 mln USD z czego 30% kwoty pochodzi z programu FMS.

W roku 2007 w Wojskowych Zakładach Lotniczych nr 1 w Łodzi trzy polskie śmigłowce SH-2G poddano poważnej modernizacji. Obejmowała ona przystosowanie śmigłowców do przenoszenia i odpalania lekkich torped POP MU90 Impact, wzbogacenie awioniki o GPS produkcji Garmin 155 i radiokompas.

Kolejną modernizację przeprowadzono na przełomie 2008 i 2009 roku. W wyniku wniosków wyniesionych z eksploracji śmigłowców przez Lotnictwo Marynarki Wojennej podczas operacji morskich NATO (m.in. Active Endeavour) zdecydowano się uzbroić trzy śmigłowce SH-2G w karabiny maszynowe kal. 7,62 mm. W tym celu w Wojskowych Zakładach Lotniczych nr 1 w Łodzi przeprowadzono zabudowę w drzwiach kabiny nawigatora uchwytu dostosowanego do montażu karabinów maszynowych z rodziny PK w miejsce dotychczasowej podstawy do montażu ukm M60.

Śmigłowce SH-2G przyjęto na wyposażenie US Navy w roku 1993. W latach 80. XX wieku podjęto decyzję, że podstawowym śmigłowcem pokładowym wykorzystywanym przez US Navy będzie SH-60 Seahawk i powoli wykorzystywane Kamany przenoszono do rezerwy. Z tego powodu do amerykańskiej marynarki wojennej trafiło tylko 16 śmigłowców SH-2G. Służyły one w dywizjonach śmigłowców marynarki: HSL-94 i HSL-84. Śmigłowce SH-2G wycofano całkowicie z US Navy Air Reserve w maju 2001 roku.

Pod koniec 1994 roku w Australii opublikowano założenia na wielozadaniowy śmigłowiec pokładowy, który miałby operować z pokładów fregat typu ANZAC oraz nowo projektowanych patrolowców. Australia wyraziła chęć zakupu 14 takich maszyn z opcją na kolejne 9. Z powodu anulowania realizacji patrolowca, liczbę maszyn zredukowano jednak do 11. Zakładano, że pożądany śmigłowiec będzie zdolny do autonomicznych operacji morskich obejmujących przede wszystkim wykrywanie, śledzenie i zwalczanie okrętów nawodnych. Do konkursu stanęły firmy Kaman i Westland. Westland zaproponował śmigłowiec Super Lynx, zaś Kaman zmodernizowany do potrzeb australijskich SH-2G. Przetarg wygrał Kaman i w roku 1997 podpisano umowę na dostawę 11 maszyn SH-2G (A) za kwotę ok. 490 mln USD. Zgodnie z nią pierwszy śmigłowiec miał trafić do odbiorcy w roku 2001. Jednakże podczas testów wyprodukowanych maszyn pojawiły się błędy w oprogramowaniu systemu ITAS (system nawigacyjno-celowniczy), co spowodowało opóźnienia w dostawie. Pierwszy śmigłowiec dostarczono Australijczykom dopiero 18 października 2003 roku. W późniejszym czasie dotarło kolejnych 9. Maszyny trafiły do 805 dywizjonu RAN oraz Eskadry Doświadczalnej. Jedenasta maszyna SH-2G(A) została w USA, gdzie miała zostać poddana kolejnym badaniom w zakładach Kamana. Planowano, że zakończenie prac nad dopracowaniem systemu ITAS zakończy się pod koniec 2004 roku, w 2005 roku przeprowadzone zostaną próby lotów z pokładów okrętów, a wstępną gotowość operacyjną śmigłowce osiągnął w 2006 roku. Podczas prób w Australii pojawiły się problemy z automatycznym systemem sterowania lotem. Wobec tego początkowo ograniczono użycie śmigłowców SH-2G(A) do transportu osób i ładunków w dobrych warunkach widoczności, jednakże w marcu 2006 zdecydowano się całkowicie uziemić śmigłowce. Uznano, że używanie ich nawet w ograniczonym zakresie zagraża bezpieczeństwu załóg. Kolejne dwa lata przeznaczono na próby wyeliminowania usterek, a termin osiągnięcia pełnej gotowości bojowej przesunięto na lata 2010-2011. Jednakże 5 marca 2008 roku nowy minister obrony Joel Fitzgibbon, zdecydował o rezygnacji strony australijskiej z programu. Zgodnie z podpisaną umową śmigłowce SH-2G(A) zwrócono producentowi tempered glass bottles.

Śmigłowce SH-2G „Super Seasprite” znajdują się m.in. w muzeach:

FJ • F-4 • F-5 • F-8 • F-9 • F-11 • F-14 • F-15 • F-15E • F-16 • F/A-18 • F/A-18E/F • F-22 • F-35 • F-80 • F-82 • F-84 • F-84F • F-86 • F-89 • F-94 • F-100 • F-101 • F-102 • F-104 • F-105 • F-106 • F-111 • FH-1 • F2H • F3D • F3H • F6U • F7U • F8F • F9F

B-1 • B-2 • B-36 • B-45 • B-47 • B-50 • B-52 • B-57 • B-58 • B-66 • F-117 • P6M

A-1 • A-2 • A-3 • A-4 • A-5 • A-6 • A-7 • A-10 • A-26 • A-37 • AC-47 • AC-119 • AC-130 • AM • AV-8B

AF-2/3 • P-2 • P-3 • P-8 • P4M • P5M • S-2 • S-3

E-1 • E-2 • E-3 • E-6 • EA-6B • E-8 • RF-61C • EC-121 • MC-12W • SR-71 • RC-135 • U-2

O-1 • O-2 • OV-1 • OV-10

TT • T-6 • T-28 • T-33 • T-34 • T-37 • T-38 • T-43

C-2 • C-5 • C-7 • C-8 • C-9 • C-17 • C-20A/B/C/D/E • C-20F/G/H/J • C-23 • C-32 • C-37B • C-74 • C-97 • C-118 • C-119 • C-123 • C-124 • C-130 • C-131 • C-133 • C-135 • C-141

AH-1 • AH-64 • CH-34 • CH-37 • CH-46 • CH-47 • CH-53 • CH-53E • CH-54 • HH-43 • MH-6 • MH-53 • OH-6 • OH-58 • SH-2 • SH-2G • SH-3 • SH-60 • UH-1 • UH-19 • UH-60 • V-22

AQM-91 • BQM-74 • D-21 • FQM-151 • Q-2 • MQM-105 • ScanEagle • MQ-1/RQ-1 • RQ-2 • RQ-3 • RQ-4 • RQ-5 • RQ-6 • RQ-7 • RQ-8A • MQ-4C • MQ-9 • RQ-21 • RQ-170

A-12 • A2D • AH-56 • Avenger • Compound Seasprite • 533 • Bird of Prey • Charger • F5D • F2Y • F-20 • F-107 • Jet Mentor • N-102 • NH-3A • RAH-66 • S-67 • S-92 • S-97 • S-71 • S-72 • Sioux Scout • KingCobra • Skyrocket • Skystreak • Tacit Blue • T-46 • X-21 • X-49 • XB-46 • XB-48 • XC-99 • XB-51 • XB-70 • XCG-20 • XC-120 • XF10F • XF-85 • XF-87 • XF-88 • XF-90 • XF-91 • XF-92 • XF-103 • XF-108 • XF-109 • XH-51A Compound • XH-59 • XP-79 • XT-30 • YA-9 • YAH-63 • YAL-1 • YB-35 • YB-49 • YC-125 • YF-12 • YF-17 • YF-23 • YF-93 • YF-95 • YF-96 • VZ-2

Konfliktåret 1942

Konfliktåret 1942 er en oversikt over hendelser som har med voldelige konflikter i vid forstand å gjøre som kriger, revolusjoner og opprør i 1942.

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Greenfield, Queens County

Greenfield is a community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in the Region of Queens Municipality. The sawmill in Greenfield, founded in 1832, is one of the oldest family-run sawmill businesses in North America. Until 1850 the region was occupied mostly by the Mi’kmaq of the Algonquin tribe who seasonally settled the area below the lakes on either side of what is now called the Medway River and was known by the Mi’kmaq as Wigadoon.

In the last Statistics Canada census in 2011, Greenfield had a population of 961. This was a 30.2% higher than the previous census in 2001. In 2011 21.2% of the population was under the age of 20 and 16.6% was 65 years or older.

Before the European settlers came in the early 1800s Greenfield was used exclusively as a seasonal hunting and fishing ground by the Mi’kmaq, who had settled the valley on either side of the river takeya classic glass water bottle. The Mi’Kmaqs called the area Ponhook until the name was changed to Greenfield in 1850 by European settlers. In the early 1830s the Jesuits began travelling to the area to convert indigenous tribes to Christianity. They built a chapel in 1859 near the lake pool at the head of the river, but it was never completed. In 1840 the Government of Canada designated a reserve on the west side of the river chiefly for a burial ground and chapel.

Besides the Jesuits, the first European settler to come to the area was Samuel Hunt Sr, (b. 25, Feb, 1792, d. 26 Oct 1872) who was able to persuade the natives to let him settle there by trading large amounts of liquor from his bootlegging operation. The second settler to arrive was Gorham Freeman (b. 29 Aug 1803, d. 6 Dec 1881) and in 1832 the first “single” saw mill was established at the head of the falls on the river.

Forestry and recreation are the main industries of the area football shirts uk. The Freeman Lumber mill employs approximately 120 men and women. Two local stores, a post office, an RV park and wilderness camp also employ small numbers of workers. A small airport just outside the village converted its runway into a dragway, and each weekend in summer tournaments are held there, under the auspices of the Greenfield Dragway Nova Scotia Drag Racing Association. Area populations increases in summer with an inlfux of tourists to cottages and summer homes on the lake, as well as fisherman and deer hunters in the fall. A plank salmon supper is held by the local volunteer fire department in July and is an annual summer event.

Coordinates:

Nicu Ceaușescu

Si vous disposez d’ouvrages ou d’articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l’article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (, comment ajouter mes sources ?).

Nicu Ceaușescu en 1990

Nicu Ceaușescu (prononciation: [ˈniku tʃauˈʃesku] () est le fils cadet du dictateur roumain Nicolae et de son épouse Elena substitute for meat tenderizer. Désigné héritier de son père, il a été étroitement associé au régime.

Son père charge deux éminents intellectuels membres du parti, Ștefan Andrei et Cornel Pacoste (ro) de son éducation en raison des ambitions qu’il nourrit à son égard, sans grand succès, ce dernier n’appréciant pas beaucoup l’école.

Réputé pour ses problèmes d’alcool, des accusations de viol et une addiction aux jeux hydration bottle thermos, il est arrêté et accusé en 1990 de détournements de fonds sous le régime de son père. Condamné à 20 ans de réclusion, il est relâché en 1992 pour problèmes de santé liés à une cirrhose. Il en succombe en 1996 dans un hôpital viennois.

Il fut également célèbre pour son « idylle » avec Nadia Comăneci.

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